KL-001-2020-004 : Barco wePresent Hardcoded API Credentials
Title: Barco wePresent Hardcoded API Credentials
Advisory ID: KL-001-2020-004
Publication Date: 2020.11.20
Publication URL: https://korelogic.com/Resources/Advisories/KL-001-2020-004.txt
1. Vulnerability Details
Affected Vendor: Barco
Affected Product: wePresent WiPG-1600W
Affected Version: 126.96.36.199, 188.8.131.52, 184.108.40.206, 220.127.116.11
Platform: Embedded Linux
CWE Classification: CWE-798: Use of Hard-coded Credentials
CVE ID: CVE-2020-28329
2. Vulnerability Description
Barco wePresent device firmware includes a hardcoded API
account and password that is discoverable by inspecting the
firmware image. A malicious actor could use this password to
access authenticated, administrative functions in the API.
3. Technical Description
This vulnerability concerns the existence of default, hardcoded
credentials that can be used to access an API service listening
on port 4001/tcp.
The password exists in clear text in /etc/lighthttp/admin and in
a hashed form in etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.user. This information
was obtained by downloading the firmware from wePresent's
site and unpacking the firmware. URL for the firmware is
Binwalk, with recursive scanning of extracted files, only
partially unpacks the firmware. We devised a way to gracefully
unpack the firmware using 'dd', see KL-001-2020-009 for
4. Mitigation and Remediation Recommendation
The vendor has released an updated firmware (18.104.22.168) which
remediates the described vulnerability. Firmware and release
notes are available at:
This vulnerability was discovered by Jim Becher (@jimbecher) of
6. Disclosure Timeline
2020.08.24 - KoreLogic submits vulnerability details to
2020.08.25 - Barco acknowledges receipt and the intention
2020.09.21 - Barco notifies KoreLogic that this issue,
along with several others reported by KoreLogic,
will require more than the standard 45 business
day remediation timeline. Barco requests to delay
coordinated disclosure until 2020.12.11.
2020.09.23 - KoreLogic agrees to 2020.12.11 coordinated disclosure.
2020.09.25 - Barco informs KoreLogic of their intent to acquire
CVE number for this vulnerability.
2020.11.09 - Barco shares CVE number with KoreLogic and announces
their intention to release the updated firmware
ahead of schedule, on 2020.11.11. Request that KoreLogic
delay public disclosure until 2020.11.20.
2020.11.11 - Barco firmware release.
2020.11.20 - KoreLogic public disclosure.
7. Proof of Concept
After unpacking the firmware:
$ ls -al etc/lighttpd/admin
-rwxr-xr-x 1 jbecher jbecher 36 Feb 6 23:42 etc/lighttpd/admin
$ more etc/lighttpd/admin
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